Old English Sheepdog

Old English sheepdog

Welcome to our exploration of the Old English Sheepdog! If you’re looking for information on this lovable and iconic breed, you’ve come to the right place. From their history and origins to their size and appearance characteristics, we’ll cover it all. We’ll also delve into their temperament, trainability, exercise requirements, grooming needs, health issues, and even highlight some notable dogs from this breed. So, whether you’re considering adding an Old English Sheepdog to your family or you’re simply curious about these fluffy companions, keep reading to discover everything you need to know about this wonderful breed.


History and Origins of the Breed

The Old English Sheepdog has a rich history that dates back several centuries. Let’s explore the origins of this beloved breed and how it has evolved over time.

Origins and Development

The exact origins of the Old English Sheepdog are somewhat unclear, but it is believed to have originated in England during the early 19th century. This breed was primarily developed for herding and protecting livestock, especially sheep, in the rugged terrains of the English countryside.

Crossbreeding and Influences

The Old English Sheepdog is thought to have been created through a combination of various herding breeds such as the Bearded Collie, Briard, and Russian Owtcharka. These crossbreedings were aimed at producing a dog with the necessary skills and characteristics for herding and protecting sheep.

Recognition and Breed Standard

In 1873, the Old English Sheepdog was officially recognized as a breed by the Kennel Club in England. The breed standard was established to define the ideal characteristics and physical traits of the Old English Sheepdog, ensuring consistency in appearance and temperament among registered dogs.

Working Dogs to Show Dogs

Originally bred as working dogs, Old English Sheepdogs gradually gained popularity as show dogs. Their unique appearance, with their shaggy coat and expressive eyes, caught the attention of dog enthusiasts and exhibitors. Today, the Old English Sheepdog is a beloved breed both in the show ring and as a family pet.

Pop Culture Icons

The Old English Sheepdog’s popularity skyrocketed in the 20th century, thanks to its appearances in various forms of media. This breed became an iconic symbol, often depicted in advertisements, movies, and even as a children’s toy. Their lovable and distinctive appearance has made them recognizable worldwide.

Preservation Efforts

As with many purebred dog breeds, the Old English Sheepdog has faced some challenges in maintaining its genetic diversity and overall health. Responsible breeders and organizations have been working diligently to promote responsible breeding practices and genetic testing to preserve the breed’s health and integrity.

The history and origins of the Old English Sheepdog provide valuable insights into the breed’s development and its significance in the herding and show dog communities. Understanding its roots helps us appreciate the breed’s unique characteristics and appreciate their enduring appeal.


Size and Appearance Characteristics

The Old English Sheepdog is known for its distinct and charming appearance. In this section, we will explore the size and various physical characteristics that make this breed so recognizable and beloved.


The Old English Sheepdog is a large breed, known for its substantial size and sturdy build. Here are the typical size ranges for male and female Old English Sheepdogs:

  • Male Old English Sheepdogs generally stand between 22 to 24 inches (56 to 61 cm) at the shoulder.
  • Female Old English Sheepdogs typically measure between 21 to 23 inches (53 to 58 cm) in height.

In addition to their height, Old English Sheepdogs have a robust and muscular body structure, giving them a solid and imposing presence.


The weight of an Old English Sheepdog can vary depending on factors such as gender and overall body condition. On average, the weight range for this breed is as follows:

  • Male Old English Sheepdogs typically weigh between 60 to 100 pounds (27 to 45 kg).
  • Female Old English Sheepdogs generally weigh around 60 to 85 pounds (27 to 39 kg).

It’s important to note that individual dogs may fall outside of these ranges, and proper nutrition and exercise should be maintained to ensure a healthy weight.

Coat and Colors

One of the most distinctive features of the Old English Sheepdog is its luxurious double coat. The outer coat is thick, dense, and weather-resistant, while the undercoat provides insulation. This breed’s coat is known for its shaggy appearance, giving the dog a “teddy bear” or “mop” look.

Old English Sheepdogs come in various coat colors, including:

  • Grays with various shades ranging from light silver to dark gray.
  • Blues, which are a bluish-gray color.
  • Merles, which have a marbled pattern of gray and white.
  • Whites, which are predominantly white with some gray or blue patches.

It’s worth noting that puppies may have a different coat color than what they will develop as adults.

Facial Features

The Old English Sheepdog is famous for its expressive and endearing face. They have large, round eyes that are typically dark and set well apart. Their ears are medium-sized and carried close to the head. The breed’s face is framed by a thick and bushy mustache and beard, enhancing its charming and intelligent expression.


The tail of an Old English Sheepdog is customarily docked, meaning it is surgically shortened when the puppy is a few days old. However, in countries where tail docking is prohibited, the tail is left natural and is long, bushy, and carried low.

The size and appearance characteristics of the Old English Sheepdog contribute to its overall charm and appeal. The large and sturdy build, combined with the distinctive shaggy coat and endearing facial features, make this breed easily recognizable and adored by dog enthusiasts across the globe.


Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of any dog breed is an important factor to consider when bringing a new furry friend into your family. In this section, we will explore the average life expectancy of the Old English Sheepdog and the factors that can influence their lifespan.

Average Life Expectancy

On average, the Old English Sheepdog has a life expectancy of approximately 10 to 12 years. However, it’s important to note that individual dogs may live longer or shorter lives depending on various factors such as genetics, overall health, diet, exercise, and the level of care they receive.

Factors Influencing Life Expectancy

  1. Genetics: Like any other breed, genetics play a significant role in determining the potential lifespan of an Old English Sheepdog. Responsible breeders strive to breed dogs with good genetic health, which can positively impact their longevity.
  2. Health Conditions: Certain health conditions can affect the lifespan of the Old English Sheepdog. While the breed is generally healthy, there are some conditions that they may be predisposed to, such as hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and hypothyroidism. Regular veterinary check-ups, appropriate vaccinations, and a nutritious diet can help mitigate these risks and promote a longer lifespan.
  3. Diet and Exercise: Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for the overall health and longevity of any dog. Obesity can significantly impact a dog’s lifespan, so it’s important to feed the Old English Sheepdog a diet appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. Regular exercise is also crucial for maintaining a healthy weight and promoting cardiovascular health.
  4. Dental Care: Good dental hygiene is often overlooked but can have a significant impact on a dog’s overall health and lifespan. Regular brushing of the Old English Sheepdog’s teeth, along with professional dental cleanings when needed, can help prevent periodontal disease and other oral health issues that can affect their overall well-being.
  5. Environmental Factors: The living conditions and environment in which the Old English Sheepdog resides can also influence their lifespan. Providing a safe and comfortable living space, protection from extreme weather conditions, and minimizing exposure to harmful substances or hazards can contribute to a longer and healthier life.

It’s important to remember that while these factors can influence the life expectancy of an Old English Sheepdog, every dog is an individual, and their overall well-being and lifespan also depend on the love, care, and attention they receive from their owners. By providing a nurturing environment, regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, and plenty of love and exercise, you can help maximize the lifespan of your beloved Old English Sheepdog.



The temperament of a dog breed is a crucial aspect to consider when choosing a furry companion. In this section, we will explore the temperament of the Old English Sheepdog, including their general disposition, behavior towards people and other animals, and their overall personality traits.

Gentle and Friendly Disposition

Old English Sheepdogs are known for their gentle and friendly nature. They are typically good-natured dogs who enjoy the company of their family members and are often referred to as “gentle giants.” This breed is generally affectionate, loyal, and eager to please, making them excellent family pets.

Playful and Lively

Despite their large size, Old English Sheepdogs have a playful and lively personality. They often retain their puppy-like exuberance well into adulthood, which can bring joy and entertainment to their families. Their playful nature makes them great companions for children and other pets, as they tend to get along well with everyone.

Intelligent and Alert

Old English Sheepdogs are intelligent dogs that possess a keen sense of awareness. They are quick learners and generally respond well to training. Their intelligence, combined with their natural herding instincts, makes them highly adaptable and capable of learning various commands and tasks.

Protective Instincts

As a breed historically used for herding and protecting livestock, Old English Sheepdogs have a natural instinct to protect their family. They are known to be watchful and can be protective of their loved ones. However, early socialization and proper training are essential to ensure that their protective instincts are channeled appropriately.

Sociable and People-Oriented

Old English Sheepdogs thrive on human companionship and enjoy being part of the family. They can be quite sociable and may become anxious or bored if left alone for extended periods. This breed prefers to be involved in family activities and is happiest when they have plenty of interaction, attention, and exercise.

Interaction with Other Animals

Old English Sheepdogs generally get along well with other animals, including dogs and cats, particularly if they are properly socialized from a young age. However, as with any breed, individual temperament can vary, and proper introductions and supervision are necessary when introducing them to new animals.

Barking Tendency

Old English Sheepdogs have a moderate tendency to bark. They may bark to alert their owners of perceived threats or when they are bored or want attention. Early training and socialization can help manage their barking tendencies and teach them appropriate behaviors.

Overall, the Old English Sheepdog’s temperament is characterized by their gentle, friendly nature, playful disposition, intelligence, and protective instincts. Their sociability, combined with their adaptability and love for their family, makes them wonderful companions for individuals and families alike.


Trainability and Adaptability

The trainability and adaptability of a dog breed are important factors to consider when bringing a new furry friend into your home. In this section, we will explore the trainability and adaptability of the Old English Sheepdog, including their intelligence, willingness to learn, and how well they adjust to different environments.

Intelligence and Willingness to Learn

Old English Sheepdogs are intelligent dogs that generally have a high level of trainability. They are quick learners and enjoy mental stimulation. This breed is known for their problem-solving abilities and can excel in obedience training and various canine sports. With positive reinforcement techniques, consistency, and patience, Old English Sheepdogs can become well-behaved and obedient companions.


Proper socialization is crucial for Old English Sheepdogs to develop into well-rounded and adaptable dogs. Early socialization should include exposure to various people, animals, sights, and sounds. This helps them become comfortable and confident in different environments, reducing the likelihood of fear or aggression towards new experiences.

Exercise and Mental Stimulation

Old English Sheepdogs have moderate exercise needs. While they do not require excessive physical activity, they do benefit from regular exercise to maintain their overall health and prevent boredom. Engaging in activities such as daily walks, playtime, and interactive games will help keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Adaptability to Different Environments

Old English Sheepdogs can adapt well to different environments, including both rural and urban settings. However, they thrive best in homes with access to a secure, fenced yard where they can roam and play. This breed is adaptable and can adjust to various living situations, but they do require sufficient space to move around comfortably.

Training Considerations

When training an Old English Sheepdog, it’s important to keep in mind their independent nature. They may occasionally exhibit stubbornness or a desire to do things their way. Positive reinforcement techniques, such as rewards and praise, work best with this breed. Consistency, patience, and firm, yet gentle, handling will yield the best results in training.

Specialized Training

Old English Sheepdogs have a natural herding instinct, and some individuals may display herding behaviors. It is important to redirect and channel this instinct appropriately through training. Engaging in activities like herding trials or agility training can provide an outlet for their herding instincts and keep them mentally stimulated.

Overall, the Old English Sheepdog is a trainable and adaptable breed. With their intelligence, willingness to learn, and ability to adjust to different environments, they can make wonderful companions for individuals and families who are committed to providing them with the necessary training, socialization, and exercise they require.


Exercise Requirements and Energy Level

The Old English Sheepdog may have a shaggy appearance, but they are not just couch potatoes. In this section, we will explore the exercise requirements and energy level of this breed, including their need for physical activity and mental stimulation.

Moderate Exercise Needs

The Old English Sheepdog has moderate exercise requirements. While they are not as high-energy as some other breeds, they still benefit from regular physical activity to maintain their overall health and well-being. A lack of exercise can lead to weight gain and potential behavioral issues.

Daily Walks

Taking your Old English Sheepdog for daily walks is a great way to meet their exercise needs. Aim for at least 30 to 60 minutes of brisk walking each day. This will not only provide them with physical exercise but also mental stimulation as they explore their surroundings and engage with their environment.

Playtime and Interactive Games

In addition to walks, Old English Sheepdogs enjoy playtime and interactive games. Whether it’s a game of fetch, tug-of-war, or puzzle toys that challenge their problem-solving skills, these activities help keep them mentally stimulated and provide a way to burn off excess energy.

Mental Stimulation

Old English Sheepdogs are intelligent dogs that thrive on mental stimulation. Engaging their minds through training sessions, obedience exercises, and interactive toys can help prevent boredom and destructive behaviors. Consider incorporating activities that require them to think and problem-solve, such as hide-and-seek or scent games.

Adaptability to Weather

When it comes to weather, Old English Sheepdogs are fairly adaptable. However, their thick double coat can make them more sensitive to extreme temperatures. During hot weather, it’s important to exercise them during cooler times of the day and provide them with access to shade and fresh water. In colder weather, their coat provides insulation, but they may still need protection from freezing temperatures.

Exercise for Different Life Stages

The exercise needs of an Old English Sheepdog may vary depending on their age and health. Puppies should not engage in high-impact activities until their bones and joints are fully developed. Older dogs may require less strenuous exercise but still benefit from daily walks and mental stimulation.

Bonding Opportunities

Engaging in regular exercise with your Old English Sheepdog not only keeps them physically and mentally fit but also provides valuable bonding opportunities. Spending time together outdoors and participating in activities strengthens the bond between you and your furry companion.

Remember, each Old English Sheepdog is an individual, and their exercise requirements may vary. It’s important to observe their behavior and adjust their exercise routine accordingly. By providing them with regular exercise and mental stimulation, you can help ensure a happy and well-balanced Old English Sheepdog.


Grooming Requirements

The Old English Sheepdog’s iconic appearance comes with a price – their grooming needs can be quite demanding. In this section, we will explore the grooming requirements of the Old English Sheepdog, including their coat care, bathing needs, and other grooming considerations.

Coat Care

The Old English Sheepdog has a long and dense double coat that requires regular care to keep it healthy and free from mats and tangles. Here are some important aspects to consider:

  • Brushing: Daily brushing is necessary to prevent matting and keep the coat looking its best. A slicker brush or a wide-toothed comb can help remove loose hair and prevent tangles. Pay extra attention to the areas behind the ears, under the armpits, and around the tail, as these are prone to matting.
  • Professional Grooming: Regular visits to a professional groomer are recommended for Old English Sheepdogs. They can provide expert care, including trimming excess hair, shaping the coat, and addressing any specific grooming needs.


Old English Sheepdogs do not require frequent bathing unless they get particularly dirty or smelly. Over-bathing can strip their coat of its natural oils, leading to dryness and skin issues. Aim to bathe them every 6 to 8 weeks or as needed, using a gentle dog shampoo that is suitable for their skin type.

Ear Care

The long, pendulous ears of the Old English Sheepdog require regular attention to prevent infections and earwax buildup. Check their ears regularly for redness, odor, or discharge. Clean the ears using a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaner and gently wipe away any debris with a cotton ball or soft cloth.

Nail Trimming

Regular nail trimming is essential to keep your Old English Sheepdog comfortable and prevent their nails from becoming overgrown. Trim their nails every 4 to 6 weeks or as needed, taking care not to cut into the quick (the sensitive part of the nail that contains blood vessels). If you are unsure, consult a professional groomer or veterinarian for guidance.

Dental Care

Dental hygiene is crucial for the overall health of your Old English Sheepdog. Regular brushing of their teeth with a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste is recommended to prevent plaque buildup and gum disease. Additionally, providing dental chews or toys can help promote good oral health.

Eye Care

Old English Sheepdogs are prone to eye discharge and tear stains due to their facial structure. Regularly check and gently clean their eyes using a damp cloth or eye wipes specifically formulated for dogs. If you notice excessive tearing, redness, or irritation, consult a veterinarian.

Grooming Considerations

It’s important to note that grooming an Old English Sheepdog can be time-consuming and may require professional assistance. Additionally, their thick coat makes them more prone to heat exhaustion, so it’s crucial to keep them cool during hot weather.

By dedicating time and effort to their grooming needs, you can ensure that your Old English Sheepdog’s coat remains healthy and beautiful while promoting their overall well-being. Regular grooming sessions also provide opportunities for bonding and strengthening your relationship with your furry companion.



Old English sheepdog puppy

Health Issues

While the Old English Sheepdog is generally a healthy breed, like all dogs, they are prone to certain health issues. In this section, we will explore some of the common health concerns that can affect the Old English Sheepdog and how to manage and prevent them.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common concern in many large dog breeds, including the Old English Sheepdog. It is a condition where the hip joint does not form properly, leading to joint instability and potential arthritis. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and responsible breeding practices that prioritize hip health can help reduce the risk of hip dysplasia.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive retinal atrophy is an inherited eye disorder that affects the Old English Sheepdog. It causes gradual degeneration of the retina, leading to vision loss and eventually blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect PRA early, and responsible breeding practices can reduce the risk of passing on the condition.


Hypothyroidism is a hormonal disorder that occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Symptoms can include weight gain, lethargy, hair loss, and skin issues. Regular veterinary check-ups, including blood tests to monitor thyroid function, can help identify and manage hypothyroidism with appropriate medication and dietary management.

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV)

Also known as bloat or twisted stomach, GDV is a life-threatening condition that can occur in deep-chested breeds like the Old English Sheepdog. It involves the stomach filling with gas, twisting, and potentially cutting off blood supply. Prevention measures such as feeding multiple small meals, avoiding strenuous exercise after meals, and using slow-feeders can help reduce the risk of GDV.

Ear Infections

Due to their long, heavy ears, Old English Sheepdogs are prone to ear infections. Regular ear cleaning and checks for signs of redness, discharge, or odor can help prevent and detect ear infections early. Proper drying after swimming or bathing and using ear-drying solutions recommended by your veterinarian can also help maintain good ear health.

Other Considerations

While not exclusive to the Old English Sheepdog, it’s important to be aware of other potential health concerns such as allergies, skin issues, obesity, and certain types of cancer. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, regular exercise, routine veterinary care, and genetic testing can help prevent and manage these potential health issues.

Remember, responsible breeders prioritize the health and genetic testing of their breeding dogs to minimize the risk of passing on hereditary conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups, a nutritious diet, appropriate exercise, and providing a safe and nurturing environment are all vital in keeping your Old English Sheepdog happy and healthy throughout their life.


Comparable Breeds

While the Old English Sheepdog is a unique and beloved breed, there are several other breeds that share similar characteristics or may be considered comparable in certain aspects. In this section, we will explore some of the breeds that are comparable to the Old English Sheepdog in terms of appearance, temperament, and purpose.

Bearded Collie

The Bearded Collie, also known as the Beardie, shares a similar shaggy appearance with the Old English Sheepdog. Both breeds have a thick double coat, expressive eyes, and a gentle disposition. Like the Old English Sheepdog, the Bearded Collie was historically bred for herding and possesses an intelligent and trainable nature.


The Briard is another breed that shares similarities with the Old English Sheepdog. They both have a long, double coat and a distinct facial expression. Both breeds have a strong herding background and exhibit intelligence, loyalty, and a protective nature towards their families. The Briard is known for its versatility and excels in various activities, including herding, obedience, and agility.


The Puli is a breed that also boasts a distinctive corded coat, similar to the Old English Sheepdog’s shaggy appearance. Both breeds were historically used for herding and share an intelligent and agile nature. While the Old English Sheepdog is known for its friendly and outgoing personality, the Puli tends to be more reserved and protective.


The Komondor is another breed that shares a similar appearance to the Old English Sheepdog, with its long, corded coat. Both breeds belong to the herding group and have a protective instinct. However, the Komondor is typically larger and more independent in nature. It is important to note that the Komondor’s grooming needs are even more intensive than those of the Old English Sheepdog.


The Samoyed is a breed that shares some visual similarities with the Old English Sheepdog, particularly in terms of their fluffy appearance. Both breeds have a friendly and affectionate nature, making them excellent family companions. However, while the Old English Sheepdog has a strong herding background, the Samoyed was originally bred for sledding and working in harsh Arctic conditions.

Please note that while these breeds have some similarities to the Old English Sheepdog, each breed has its own unique characteristics and temperament. When considering a comparable breed, it is important to research and understand the specific traits, needs, and care requirements of that breed to ensure a good fit for your lifestyle and preferences.


Notable Dogs from This Breed

Throughout history, the Old English Sheepdog breed has produced many notable dogs that have made an impact in various fields. In this section, we will highlight some of the most famous and influential dogs from the Old English Sheepdog breed.

Dulux Dog

One of the most iconic representations of the Old English Sheepdog is the Dulux Dog, also known as the “Old English Sheepdog.” Since 1961, this lovable and recognizable character has been the mascot for Dulux, a well-known paint brand. The Dulux Dog’s friendly and endearing appearance has made it a beloved symbol in advertising and popular culture.

Ch. Lambluv’s Daydream Believer

Ch. Lambluv’s Daydream Believer, or “Tyler,” is a legendary Old English Sheepdog in the show ring. Born in 1998, Tyler became one of the most successful Old English Sheepdogs in American Kennel Club (AKC) history. He won numerous Best in Show titles and became an ambassador for the breed, showcasing their beauty, structure, and charm.

Ch. Lambluv’s Live The Dream

Ch. Lambluv’s Live The Dream, or “Swagger,” is another notable Old English Sheepdog in the show world. Born in 2012, Swagger gained attention for his exceptional movement, presence, and showmanship. He won the prestigious Best in Show title at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2013, cementing his place in breed history.

Eng. Ch. Mr. Darcy of Shaggy Blue Bob

Eng. Ch. Mr. Darcy of Shaggy Blue Bob, or simply “Darcy,” was a highly influential Old English Sheepdog in the United Kingdom. Born in 1999, Darcy became a breed record holder with numerous Best in Show wins. He also passed on his exceptional qualities to his offspring, making a significant impact on the breed’s future generations.

Ch. Lambluv’s Lady’s Night Out

Ch. Lambluv’s Lady’s Night Out, also known as “Paige,” is a notable Old English Sheepdog known for her achievements in the show ring. Born in 2003, Paige won multiple Best in Show titles and was the top-winning female Old English Sheepdog of all time. She left a lasting legacy as a great representative of the breed’s beauty and conformation.

These notable Old English Sheepdogs have left a lasting impact on the breed’s history and contributed to its popularity and recognition worldwide. Their achievements in the show ring, as well as their endearing appearances in advertising and media, have helped showcase the Old English Sheepdog’s unique qualities and charm.

Overall, the Old English Sheepdog is a trainable and adaptable breed. With their intelligence, willingness to learn, and ability to adjust to different environments, they can make wonderful companions for individuals and families who are committed to providing them with the necessary training, socialization, and exercise they require.

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