Bearded Collie

Bearded Collie Image courtesy of 858106

Welcome to our article all about the Bearded Collie! If you’re a dog lover and have a soft spot for furry companions, then you’re in for a treat. In this article, we’ll dive into the fascinating history and origins of the Bearded Collie breed, explore its unique size and appearance characteristics, and uncover its average life expectancy. But that’s not all – we’ll also delve into the temperament of these lovable pups, their trainability and adaptability, exercise requirements, grooming needs, and common health issues to be aware of. Plus, we’ll even introduce you to some comparable breeds and highlight notable dogs from the Bearded Collie family. So, whether you’re considering adding a Bearded Collie to your family or simply curious to learn more about these charming dogs, keep reading to discover everything you need to know about this wonderful breed.

History and Origins of the Breed

The history and origins of the Bearded Collie are quite intriguing. This breed has a rich heritage that dates back several centuries. Let’s take a journey through time to explore the roots of the Bearded Collie.

The exact origin of the Bearded Collie is somewhat uncertain, but it is believed to have originated in Scotland. It is thought to be a descendant of the Polish Lowland Sheepdog, which was brought to Scotland by Polish traders in the 16th century. These dogs were then crossed with local Scottish herding breeds, resulting in what we now know as the Bearded Collie.

Originally known as the Highland Collie or Mountain Collie, the Bearded Collie was primarily used as a herding dog. Its shaggy coat provided protection against the harsh Scottish weather, while its intelligence and agility made it an excellent worker on the rugged terrains of the Scottish Highlands.

During the late 19th century, the Bearded Collie’s popularity began to decline due to changes in farming practices and the introduction of more specialized herding breeds. However, its charm and unique appearance caught the attention of dog enthusiasts, leading to a resurgence in its popularity as a companion and show dog.

In 1955, the Bearded Collie Club was established in the United Kingdom, and efforts were made to preserve and promote the breed. Today, the Bearded Collie is still considered a versatile working dog but is also cherished as a beloved family pet and successful show dog around the world.

By understanding the history and origins of the Bearded Collie, we can appreciate the breed’s heritage and the traits that make it such a remarkable companion.

Size and Appearance Characteristics

When it comes to size and appearance, the Bearded Collie is a striking and distinctive breed. Let’s explore the various characteristics that define this magnificent dog.


The Bearded Collie is a medium-sized breed. On average, males stand between 20 to 22 inches (51 to 56 cm) at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller, measuring 19 to 21 inches (48 to 53 cm). However, it’s important to note that there can be some variation in size within the breed.


The Bearded Collie has a well-muscled and sturdy build. Their body is slightly longer than it is tall, giving them a rectangular appearance. These dogs are known for their grace and agility, which is evident in their confident and balanced gait.


One of the most distinguishing features of the Bearded Collie is its luxurious double coat. The outer coat is long, shaggy, and dense, providing excellent protection against the elements. The undercoat is soft and insulating, keeping the dog warm in colder climates.


Bearded Collies come in a wide range of colors. The most common color is the classic “fawn” or “sandy” coat, which can range from light tan to a darker reddish-brown. Other common colors include black, blue, and brown. Some Bearded Collies may also have white markings on their chest, paws, or tail tip.

Facial Features

As the name suggests, the Bearded Collie has a distinctive beard that frames its face. Their expressive eyes are usually dark and medium-sized, giving them an intelligent and alert appearance. The ears are set high on the head and hang down, adding to their endearing charm.


The Bearded Collie has a long and feathered tail that is carried low when at rest but is raised in a slight curve when the dog is alert or in motion.

The size and appearance characteristics of the Bearded Collie contribute to its unique charm and allure. Whether it’s their shaggy double coat, expressive eyes, or graceful build, these dogs are truly a sight to behold.

Life Expectancy

When welcoming a Bearded Collie into your family, it is important to understand their average life expectancy. The lifespan of a Bearded Collie can vary depending on various factors, including genetics, overall health, and lifestyle. Let’s explore the typical life expectancy of this breed.

On average, Bearded Collies have a lifespan of around 12 to 14 years. However, it’s important to note that individual dogs may exceed this range and live even longer with proper care and a healthy lifestyle.

Genetics play a significant role in determining a dog’s lifespan. Responsible breeders strive to produce Bearded Collies with good genetic health, reducing the risk of hereditary diseases that could impact their longevity. Regular health screenings and DNA testing are crucial to identify potential health issues and ensure breeding practices that promote the overall health of the breed.

Proper nutrition and exercise are vital factors that contribute to a Bearded Collie’s life expectancy. Providing a well-balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs, along with regular exercise and mental stimulation, can help maintain their overall health and extend their lifespan. Obesity can be detrimental to a dog’s health, so it is essential to monitor their weight and prevent excessive weight gain.

Regular veterinary check-ups and preventive care are also important for ensuring the well-being of a Bearded Collie. Vaccinations, parasite control, dental care, and early detection of any health issues through routine examinations can significantly impact their quality of life and overall lifespan.

It’s worth noting that while Bearded Collies generally have a good life expectancy, they may be prone to certain health conditions that can affect their longevity. Some common health concerns in Bearded Collies include hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and certain types of cancers. Early detection, proper management, and regular veterinary care can help mitigate the impact of these conditions and prolong the lifespan of your Bearded Collie.

By understanding the typical life expectancy of a Bearded Collie and taking the necessary steps to promote their health and well-being, you can ensure that you and your furry friend can enjoy a long and fulfilling journey together.


The temperament of a Bearded Collie is one of the most endearing and sought-after aspects of the breed. These dogs are known for their friendly, outgoing nature and their ability to form deep bonds with their human family. Let’s delve into the various facets of the Bearded Collie’s temperament.

Playfulness and Sociability

Bearded Collies are renowned for their playful and sociable nature. They have a natural affinity for people, including children, and enjoy being part of the family activities. Their friendly disposition makes them excellent companions for families, as they thrive on interaction and love to participate in games and outdoor activities.

Intelligence and Trainability

Bearded Collies are highly intelligent dogs, which makes them relatively easy to train. They have a natural willingness to please their owners and are quick learners. Positive reinforcement methods, such as praise, treats, and rewards, work well with this breed. They excel in various dog sports and activities, including obedience, agility, and herding trials.

Alertness and Protective Instincts

While Bearded Collies are generally friendly and outgoing, they also possess a natural sense of alertness. They can be quite protective of their family and territory, making them excellent watchdogs. Their keen senses and tendency to bark when they sense something amiss make them an effective deterrent against intruders.

Adaptability and Compatibility

Bearded Collies are known for their adaptability to various living situations. Whether you reside in a spacious house with a large yard or a smaller apartment, they can adjust as long as they receive the necessary exercise and mental stimulation. However, they do require regular exercise, and their energetic nature means they thrive in an environment that allows them to burn off their energy.

Socialization and Behavior with Other Animals

Early socialization is essential for Bearded Collies to ensure they are well-rounded and confident dogs. They generally get along well with other dogs and pets when properly introduced and socialized from a young age. However, it’s important to monitor their interactions with smaller animals due to their herding instincts.

Affection and Family Bond

Bearded Collies are known for their deep affection and loyalty towards their human family. They form strong bonds and thrive when they are an integral part of the household. They enjoy being involved in family activities and are happiest when they are given ample love, attention, and companionship.

Understanding the temperament of the Bearded Collie is crucial for potential owners to ensure a harmonious and fulfilling relationship. With their playful, intelligent, and loving nature, Bearded Collies make wonderful companions for individuals and families alike.

Trainability and Adaptability

Trainability and adaptability are important considerations when it comes to choosing a dog breed. Let’s explore the trainability and adaptability of the Bearded Collie.


Bearded Collies are highly trainable dogs. They are intelligent, eager to please their owners, and have a natural affinity for learning new commands and tasks. With consistent and positive training methods, Bearded Collies can excel in obedience training and various dog sports. They respond well to rewards, praise, and positive reinforcement techniques. However, it’s important to start training early and be patient, as some Bearded Collies may display a stubborn streak at times. Overall, their trainability makes them a great choice for both novice and experienced dog owners.


The Bearded Collie is a relatively adaptable breed. They can adjust to different living environments, including apartments or houses, as long as they receive adequate exercise and mental stimulation. While they appreciate having access to a yard for play and exploration, they can also adapt to urban settings if given regular exercise and mental enrichment. Bearded Collies are versatile and can thrive in various climates, although they prefer cooler temperatures due to their dense double coat. Whether you live in a busy city or a quiet rural area, the Bearded Collie can adapt to your lifestyle.


Socialization is crucial for Bearded Collies to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded and confident dogs. Exposing them to various people, animals, sounds, and environments from an early age helps them develop good social skills. This breed generally gets along well with other dogs and pets if properly socialized. Early socialization also helps minimize any potential behavioral issues and ensures that they interact well with children and strangers.

Mental Stimulation

Bearded Collies are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation to keep them engaged and prevent boredom. They excel in activities that challenge their minds, such as puzzle toys, interactive games, and obedience training. Engaging their intellect helps prevent destructive behaviors that may arise due to boredom. Providing them with regular mental stimulation alongside physical exercise is necessary to keep them happy and well-balanced.

Separation Anxiety

Bearded Collies are known for their strong bonds with their human family, and as a result, they may be prone to separation anxiety when left alone for long periods. They thrive on companionship and may exhibit destructive behaviors or excessive barking if they feel lonely or neglected. It’s important to gradually acclimate them to alone time and provide them with mental stimulation and interactive toys to alleviate any separation anxiety.

Understanding the trainability and adaptability of the Bearded Collie is crucial in providing them with the appropriate training, environment, and mental stimulation they need to thrive. With their intelligence and adaptability, they can make loving and trainable companions for individuals and families alike.

Exercise Requirements and Energy Level

Exercise is essential for the overall health and well-being of a Bearded Collie. Let’s explore their exercise requirements and energy level to ensure they lead a happy and balanced life.

Energy Level

Bearded Collies are known for their high energy levels. They are an active breed that thrives on physical activity and mental stimulation. If their exercise needs are not met, they may become bored, restless, or exhibit destructive behaviors. It’s important to provide them with regular exercise and engage them in activities that challenge their minds to keep them mentally and physically satisfied.

Daily Exercise

Bearded Collies require a moderate to high amount of exercise each day. A minimum of 1 to 2 hours of physical activity is recommended to keep them healthy and happy. This can include brisk walks, jogs, interactive play sessions, and off-leash activities in a secure area. They also enjoy participating in dog sports such as agility, herding trials, and obedience training. Bearded Collies have a herding instinct, so providing them with opportunities to engage in activities that stimulate their natural instincts can be highly beneficial.

Mental Stimulation

In addition to physical exercise, Bearded Collies require mental stimulation to keep their intelligent minds occupied. Engaging them in puzzle toys, training sessions, and interactive games can help prevent boredom and destructive behaviors. Their trainability makes them excellent candidates for advanced obedience training and learning new tricks. Mental stimulation is just as important as physical exercise in meeting the needs of a Bearded Collie.

Adaptation to Living Conditions

Bearded Collies can adapt to various living conditions as long as they receive adequate exercise. While they appreciate having a yard to roam and explore, they can also adjust to apartment living if their exercise needs are met. They are an active breed, so access to outdoor spaces where they can burn off their energy is ideal. However, it’s important to note that they should not be left alone in a yard for extended periods as they may become bored or engage in excessive barking.

Age and Exercise Intensity

The exercise requirements of a Bearded Collie may vary depending on their age. Puppies have a lot of energy and need shorter, more frequent exercise sessions to prevent overexertion. As they grow older, their exercise intensity can increase, but it’s important to be mindful of their joint health and not overexert them. Regular exercise tailored to their age and physical condition is essential to prevent injuries and maintain their overall health.

Understanding the exercise requirements and energy level of a Bearded Collie is crucial to providing them with the physical and mental stimulation they need to thrive. With their high energy levels and intelligence, they are well-suited for active individuals or families who can provide them with the necessary exercise and mental enrichment to ensure a happy and balanced life.

Grooming Requirements

The Bearded Collie has a beautiful and distinctive coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and looking its best. Let’s explore the grooming requirements of the Bearded Collie breed.

Coat Type

The Bearded Collie has a double coat consisting of a soft, insulating undercoat and a long, shaggy outer coat. The outer coat is thick and weather-resistant, providing protection against the elements. The undercoat helps regulate body temperature and provides additional insulation.

Brushing and Combining

Regular brushing is essential to prevent matting and keep the Bearded Collie’s coat in good condition. Ideally, they should be brushed at least two to three times a week. During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing may be necessary to remove loose and dead hair. A slicker brush or a pin brush can be used to gently remove tangles and prevent mats from forming. Pay special attention to areas where matting is more likely, such as behind the ears, under the armpits, and around the tail.

Bathing and Drying

Bearded Collies do not require frequent bathing, as it can strip the natural oils from their coat. They should be bathed only when necessary, such as when they get excessively dirty or develop an odor. Use a dog-specific shampoo and ensure thorough rinsing to avoid any residue. After bathing, it is important to dry the Bearded Collie’s coat thoroughly, as their dense coat can retain moisture, leading to skin issues. Use a towel or a low-heat blow dryer to dry their coat completely.

Trimming and Grooming

Regular trimming is necessary to maintain the Bearded Collie’s appearance and prevent their coat from becoming overly long and unmanageable. Some owners opt for professional grooming services to trim their Bearded Collie’s coat every few months. Trimming around the ears, paws, and rear end can help keep hygiene in check and prevent matting in these areas. Nail trimming, teeth brushing, and ear cleaning should also be included in their regular grooming routine.

Eyes and Ears

Bearded Collies have expressive eyes that require regular attention. Check their eyes for any signs of redness, discharge, or irritation. Keep the area around their eyes clean and free from any debris. Ears should also be checked regularly for signs of infection or wax buildup. Clean their ears with a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaner to prevent any issues.

Professional Grooming

While regular brushing and maintenance can be done at home, some Bearded Collie owners opt for professional grooming services. Professional groomers can provide a more thorough trim, ensuring that the coat is evenly maintained and preventing any matting or overgrowth.

Understanding the grooming requirements of the Bearded Collie is crucial to keeping their coat healthy and looking its best. With regular brushing, occasional trimming, and proper attention to their eyes and ears, you can ensure that your Bearded Collie’s coat remains beautiful and well-maintained.

Health Issues

While Bearded Collies are generally healthy dogs, like any breed, they may be prone to certain health issues. It’s important for potential owners to be aware of these conditions to ensure the well-being of their Bearded Collie. Let’s explore some common health issues that can affect this breed.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common orthopedic condition in which the hip joint does not develop properly. This can lead to discomfort, pain, and lameness. Responsible breeders perform hip evaluations on their breeding dogs to reduce the risk of passing on this condition. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and providing joint supplements if recommended by a veterinarian can help manage hip dysplasia.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is an inherited eye disorder that causes a gradual deterioration of the retina, leading to progressive vision loss and, in some cases, blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect PRA early on, and responsible breeders will screen their breeding dogs to reduce the risk of passing on this condition.


Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Symptoms may include weight gain, lethargy, hair loss, and skin issues. Regular blood tests can help diagnose and manage this condition. Treatment typically involves thyroid hormone replacement therapy prescribed by a veterinarian.


Bearded Collies may be prone to allergies, including environmental allergies (such as pollen or dust mites) and food allergies. Symptoms may include itching, skin irritation, and gastrointestinal issues. Identifying and avoiding allergens, as well as working closely with a veterinarian to manage allergies through diet, medication, or immunotherapy, can help alleviate symptoms.

Autoimmune Disorders

Bearded Collies may be susceptible to certain autoimmune disorders, such as autoimmune thyroiditis or autoimmune hemolytic anemia. These conditions occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues or cells. Regular check-ups and monitoring by a veterinarian are important to detect and manage autoimmune disorders.


As with many dog breeds, Bearded Collies may be prone to certain types of cancer, including lymphoma, mast cell tumors, and hemangiosarcoma. Regular veterinary check-ups, early detection, and prompt treatment can improve the prognosis for dogs diagnosed with cancer.

It’s important to note that not all Bearded Collies will develop these health issues, and responsible breeders strive to minimize the occurrence of these conditions through health testing and careful breeding practices. Regular veterinary care, a nutritious diet, exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight are essential for promoting overall health and reducing the risk of various health issues in Bearded Collies.

By being aware of potential health concerns and working closely with a veterinarian, owners can ensure that their Bearded Collie leads a healthy and fulfilling life.

Comparable Breeds

If you’re interested in the Bearded Collie breed, you may also want to consider other breeds that share similar characteristics and traits. Here are a few comparable breeds that you may find appealing:

Old English Sheepdog

The Old English Sheepdog, often referred to as the “Bobtail,” shares a shaggy appearance and herding heritage with the Bearded Collie. They are both intelligent, affectionate, and enjoy being part of a family. The Old English Sheepdog’s coat requires regular grooming, just like the Bearded Collie.

Border Collie

The Border Collie is another herding breed known for its intelligence, energy, and trainability. Like the Bearded Collie, Border Collies are highly active and require mental stimulation and regular exercise. They excel in various dog sports and are highly trainable.

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

The Polish Lowland Sheepdog, also known as the PON, has a similar history to the Bearded Collie. They share a shaggy coat and a herding background. Both breeds are intelligent and loyal, although the PON may be slightly more reserved than the outgoing Bearded Collie.

Shetland Sheepdog

The Shetland Sheepdog, or Sheltie, is a smaller breed compared to the Bearded Collie, but they share a herding background and a similar appearance. Shelties are known for their intelligence, agility, and loyalty. They are also highly trainable and have a long, dense coat that requires regular grooming.

Australian Shepherd

The Australian Shepherd is an active and intelligent breed that shares some similarities with the Bearded Collie. They are both herding breeds known for their agility, trainability, and devotion to their families. Australian Shepherds have a medium-length coat that requires regular brushing.

While these are just a few comparable breeds, it’s important to research and consider the specific traits, needs, and temperaments of each breed to find the right fit for your lifestyle and preferences. Consulting with breeders, owners, or breed-specific rescue organizations can provide valuable insights into these breeds and help you make an informed decision.

Notable Dogs from This Breed

The Bearded Collie breed has produced many notable dogs throughout history. These dogs have made an impact in various fields, including conformation shows, working trials, and as beloved companions. Let’s explore some notable Bearded Collies that have left their mark:

Ch. Potterdale Classic of Moonhill

Ch. Potterdale Classic of Moonhill, also known as “Classic,” was a Bearded Collie that gained fame in the conformation show ring. Born in 1984, Classic became a breed champion and made significant contributions to the breed through his exceptional conformation and temperament.

Ch. Potterdale Conclusion

Ch. Potterdale Conclusion, or “Con,” was another influential Bearded Collie in the show world. Born in 1982, Con achieved remarkable success in the show ring, winning numerous Best in Show titles. He left a lasting impact on the breed with his excellent structure and movement.

Beardswood Orinoco

Beardswood Orinoco, affectionately known as “Rico,” was a Bearded Collie that made headlines in the working trials arena. Rico showcased the breed’s natural herding abilities, intelligence, and trainability. He achieved top-level working titles and demonstrated the versatility of the Bearded Collie as a working dog.

Beardie Connections Maverick

Beardie Connections Maverick, or “Maverick,” was a Bearded Collie that excelled in obedience competitions. His exceptional focus, eagerness to please, and precision in performing obedience exercises earned him numerous titles and recognition in the obedience community.

Ch. Ha’Penny Blue Moon

Ch. Ha’Penny Blue Moon, or “Blue,” was a Bearded Collie that made a name for himself in the show ring. He won multiple Best in Show titles and gained recognition for his stunning appearance, movement, and showmanship.

These notable Bearded Collies have contributed to the breed’s success and popularity, showcasing the breed’s versatility, intelligence, and beauty. Their achievements have helped create awareness and appreciation for the Bearded Collie as a remarkable companion, working dog, and show competitor.

It’s important to note that while these dogs have achieved remarkable success, every Bearded Collie has their own unique qualities and potential. Whether they excel in the show ring, working trials, or simply as a cherished family pet, Bearded Collies continue to captivate hearts with their charm, intelligence, and loyal nature.

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