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Belgian Sheepdog

Belgian Sheepdog Image courtesy of Graham Smith

Welcome to our article all about the Belgian Sheepdog! If you’re a dog lover, particularly one who appreciates intelligent and hardworking breeds, then this guide is for you. In this article, we will delve into the history, characteristics, and notable qualities of the Belgian Sheepdog. Whether you’re considering adding one to your family or simply curious about this magnificent breed, we’ve got you covered. So, let’s jump right in and discover everything there is to know about the Belgian Sheepdog!

History and Origins of the Breed

The history and origins of the Belgian Sheepdog are fascinating and deeply rooted in the herding traditions of Belgium. Let’s take a journey back in time to understand the breed’s origins and how it has evolved over the years.

Early Origins

The Belgian Sheepdog, also known as the Groenendael, is one of four varieties of Belgian Shepherd dogs. These dogs were initially bred in the late 1800s by a Belgian veterinarian named Adolphe Reul. His goal was to create a versatile herding and guarding dog that could thrive in the harsh conditions of Belgian farms.

Herding and Working Background

Belgian Sheepdogs were primarily used as herding dogs for livestock, particularly sheep. Their exceptional intelligence, agility, and strong work ethic made them valuable assets to farmers. They were relied upon to gather, drive, and protect flocks in various terrains and weather conditions.

Recognition as a Breed

In 1891, the Belgian Shepherd Dog Club was established, and efforts were made to standardize the breed. The Belgian Sheepdog gained recognition as a distinct breed in 1897, and the breed standard was established. The first Belgian Sheepdogs were showcased in dog shows, highlighting their exceptional working abilities and physical attributes.

Influence of World Wars

During both World War I and World War II, the Belgian Sheepdog played a crucial role in various tasks, including messenger duties, search and rescue missions, and even as ambulance dogs. Their bravery and loyalty earned them recognition and admiration from military personnel.

Development of the Groenendael Variety

Within the Belgian Shepherd breed, the Groenendael variety, named after the Château de Groenendael in Belgium, gained prominence. The Groenendael variety is characterized by its long, black coat and elegant appearance. It quickly became a favorite among dog enthusiasts and continues to be a popular variety of the breed today.

Modern Status

Belgian Sheepdogs are recognized by major kennel clubs worldwide, including the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC). They are highly regarded as versatile working dogs, excelling in various fields such as herding, obedience, agility, and search and rescue. Additionally, their striking appearance has also made them popular in the show ring and as beloved family companions.

Understanding the history and origins of the Belgian Sheepdog provides valuable insight into the breed’s purpose and characteristics. Now that we have explored their beginnings, let’s move on to the next section, where we will delve into the size and appearance characteristics of this remarkable breed.

Size and Appearance Characteristics

When it comes to size and appearance, the Belgian Sheepdog is an impressive breed that exudes elegance and strength. In this section, we will explore the specific physical characteristics and measurements that define this breed.

General Appearance

The Belgian Sheepdog is a medium to large-sized dog with a well-balanced and athletic build. They possess a proud and noble expression, reflecting their intelligence and alertness. The breed’s overall appearance is characterized by grace, power, and agility.

Size

Belgian Sheepdogs are classified as medium to large-sized dogs. Here are the typical size ranges for males and females:

  • Height: Males stand between 24 to 26 inches (61 to 66 cm) at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller, ranging from 22 to 24 inches (56 to 61 cm).
  • Weight: The weight of Belgian Sheepdogs usually ranges between 55 to 75 pounds (25 to 34 kg) for males, and females generally weigh between 45 to 60 pounds (20 to 27 kg).

Body Proportions

The breed’s body proportions are well-balanced and harmonious, contributing to their overall athletic appearance. Key body proportions include:

  • Body Length: The length of the body, from the shoulder to the base of the tail, is slightly longer than the height at the withers.
  • Chest: The chest is deep and well-developed, providing ample space for the heart and lungs. It is neither too narrow nor overly broad.
  • Ribcage: The ribcage is oval-shaped, allowing for efficient lung expansion during physical activity.

Coat and Color

Belgian Sheepdogs have a distinctive double coat that provides protection in various weather conditions. Key features of their coat include:

  • Outer Coat: The outer coat is long, straight, and dense, with a slight wave permitted. It is weather-resistant and provides insulation.
  • Undercoat: The undercoat is dense and soft, providing additional insulation and protection against extreme temperatures.
  • Color: The Belgian Sheepdog is primarily recognized for its solid black coat. However, a small amount of white may be present on the chest or toes, although excessive white is not desirable according to breed standards.

Head and Facial Features

The head of the Belgian Sheepdog is well-proportioned to its body and exhibits a sense of intelligence and alertness. Key features of their head and facial structure include:

  • Skull: The skull is moderately wide and flat, with a well-defined stop.
  • Muzzle: The muzzle is in proportion to the skull, tapering slightly towards the nose.
  • Eyes: The eyes are almond-shaped, medium-sized, and dark brown in color. They convey an intelligent and attentive expression.
  • Ears: The ears are triangular in shape, set high, and carried erect. They contribute to the breed’s alert appearance.

 Tail

The Belgian Sheepdog has a long, well-set tail that reaches at least to the hock joint. When at rest, the tail hangs straight down. During periods of excitement or activity, the tail is raised, but it should not curl over the back.

Understanding the size and appearance characteristics of the Belgian Sheepdog gives us a visual understanding of this magnificent breed. In the next section, we will explore the life expectancy of the Belgian Sheepdog and factors that can influence their lifespan.

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of a Belgian Sheepdog is an important consideration for potential owners. It helps to understand the average lifespan of the breed and factors that can influence their longevity. In this section, we will discuss the typical life expectancy of the Belgian Sheepdog and factors that can impact their lifespan.

Average Life Expectancy

On average, the Belgian Sheepdog has a life expectancy of around 10 to 14 years. However, it’s important to note that individual dogs may have variations in their lifespan. Some may live shorter lives, while others may exceed the average life expectancy.

Factors Affecting Life Expectancy

Several factors can influence the life expectancy of a Belgian Sheepdog. These factors include:

  • Genetics: Like all living beings, genetics play a significant role in determining a Belgian Sheepdog’s lifespan. Responsible breeders strive to produce puppies from healthy parents with no hereditary health issues, which can contribute to a longer lifespan.
  • Diet and Nutrition: Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for a Belgian Sheepdog’s overall health and longevity. A diet that meets their nutritional needs, with appropriate portions and quality ingredients, can contribute to their well-being and lifespan.
  • Exercise and Physical Activity: Regular exercise and physical activity are crucial for a Belgian Sheepdog’s physical and mental well-being. Sufficient exercise helps maintain a healthy weight, promotes cardiovascular health, and can contribute to a longer lifespan.
  • Veterinary Care: Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventative care are essential for maintaining a Belgian Sheepdog’s health. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of any health issues can positively impact their lifespan.
  • Environmental Factors: The environment in which a Belgian Sheepdog lives can also impact their lifespan. Adequate shelter, protection from extreme temperatures, and a safe and secure living environment are important considerations.

Health Issues and Life Expectancy

Like all dog breeds, Belgian Sheepdogs can be prone to certain health issues that can affect their lifespan. While not all individuals will experience these conditions, it’s important to be aware of potential health concerns, which may include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: This is a common condition in many large breeds, including the Belgian Sheepdog. It is a hereditary condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to pain and mobility issues.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is a degenerative eye disorder that can lead to vision loss and blindness over time. Regular eye examinations can help identify this condition early.
  • Epilepsy: Belgian Sheepdogs may be prone to epilepsy, a neurological disorder that causes seizures. Proper management and medication can help control seizures and improve the dog’s quality of life.
  • Bloat (Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus): Bloat is a potentially life-threatening condition that affects deep-chested breeds, including the Belgian Sheepdog. It involves the stomach filling with gas or twisting, which can lead to a medical emergency if not treated promptly.

It’s important to work with a reputable breeder who conducts health screenings and genetic testing to minimize the risk of these hereditary conditions. Additionally, providing proper care, nutrition, and regular veterinary check-ups can help manage any potential health issues and contribute to a longer and healthier life for your Belgian Sheepdog.

In the next section, we will explore the temperament of the Belgian Sheepdog, highlighting their personality traits and characteristics.

Temperament

The temperament of the Belgian Sheepdog is a significant aspect to consider when bringing one into your family. Understanding their personality traits, behavior patterns, and overall temperament is crucial for a harmonious and fulfilling relationship. In this section, we will explore the typical temperament of the Belgian Sheepdog.

Intelligent and Alert

Belgian Sheepdogs are highly intelligent and known for their keen alertness. They possess a sharp and quick-thinking mind, which makes them excellent problem solvers. This intelligence, combined with their natural curiosity, makes them highly trainable and adaptable to various tasks and environments.

 Protective and Loyal

Belgian Sheepdogs have a strong protective instinct towards their families and territory. They are naturally inclined to guard and protect their loved ones, making them excellent watchdogs. Their loyalty knows no bounds, and they are known to form deep bonds with their human companions, making them fiercely devoted family members.

Energetic and Driven

This breed is known for its high energy levels and drive. Belgian Sheepdogs have an innate desire to work and thrive on mental and physical stimulation. They excel in activities such as herding, obedience, agility, and tracking. Regular exercise and engaging activities are essential to keep them mentally and physically stimulated, preventing boredom and potential behavioral issues.

Sensitivity and Sensibility

While Belgian Sheepdogs are intelligent and driven, they are also sensitive dogs that are attuned to their surroundings and the emotions of their owners. They have a remarkable ability to pick up on subtle cues and can be highly responsive to training methods that utilize positive reinforcement. However, harsh training methods or negative experiences can have a lasting impact on their sensitive nature.

Socialization and Interaction

Proper socialization from an early age is crucial for Belgian Sheepdogs. They need to be exposed to various people, animals, and environments to develop positive social skills and become well-rounded dogs. Early socialization helps them grow into confident and well-behaved companions who can adapt to new situations with ease.

Family Companionship

Belgian Sheepdogs thrive when they are included as valued members of the family. They enjoy being involved in family activities and are happiest when they have a job to do or a purpose to fulfill. They require quality time, attention, and interaction with their human family members to maintain their emotional well-being.

Understanding the temperament of the Belgian Sheepdog allows potential owners to assess whether this breed aligns with their lifestyle and expectations. In the next section, we will explore the trainability and adaptability of the Belgian Sheepdog, shedding light on their ability to learn and adapt to various environments and tasks.

Trainability and Adaptability

The trainability and adaptability of the Belgian Sheepdog are key factors to consider when bringing one into your home. In this section, we will explore the breed’s trainability, their ability to learn and follow commands, as well as their adaptability to different environments and lifestyles.

Trainability

Belgian Sheepdogs are highly trainable dogs and are often considered among the most intelligent breeds. They have a strong desire to please their owners and excel in obedience training. Their intelligence, combined with their eagerness to learn, makes them quick learners and allows them to master complex commands and tasks.

Socialization

Proper socialization is vital for Belgian Sheepdogs from a young age. Exposing them to different people, animals, and environments helps them become well-rounded and adaptable. Early socialization sets the foundation for a well-behaved and confident dog, ensuring they can navigate new situations and interact positively with others.

Positive Reinforcement

Belgian Sheepdogs respond best to positive reinforcement training methods. They thrive on praise, rewards, and treats, which motivate them to perform desired behaviors. Harsh training techniques or punishment-based methods can be counterproductive and may undermine the trust and bond between the dog and owner.

Mental Stimulation

In addition to physical exercise, Belgian Sheepdogs require mental stimulation to keep their active minds engaged. Providing them with challenging tasks, puzzle toys, and interactive games can prevent boredom and destructive behaviors. They enjoy tasks that require problem-solving and can excel in activities such as obedience, agility, and even scent work.

Adaptability to Different Environments

Belgian Sheepdogs have a good level of adaptability when it comes to different environments. With proper socialization and training, they can adjust well to urban or rural settings, as long as their exercise and mental stimulation needs are met. They can live in various types of homes, including apartments, as long as they receive sufficient exercise and mental enrichment.

Working Abilities

Belgian Sheepdogs are renowned for their working abilities. They were originally bred for herding and excel in various working roles such as search and rescue, obedience, tracking, and even serving as therapy dogs. Their drive, intelligence, and trainability make them versatile and well-suited for a range of tasks.

Understanding the trainability and adaptability of the Belgian Sheepdog is crucial for potential owners, as it helps determine the level of commitment and effort required for their training and mental stimulation. In the next section, we will explore the exercise requirements and energy level of the Belgian Sheepdog, shedding light on their activity needs and how to keep them physically fit and mentally satisfied.

Exercise Requirements and Energy Level

The Belgian Sheepdog is a breed with high energy levels and a strong work ethic. In this section, we will delve into their exercise requirements and energy level, helping you understand how to meet their physical and mental stimulation needs.

Daily Exercise Needs

Belgian Sheepdogs are active dogs that require daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. On average, they need about 60 to 90 minutes of exercise each day. This exercise should include both physical activities and mental stimulation to keep them engaged and satisfied.

Physical Activities

Engaging in physical activities is essential for the Belgian Sheepdog. They excel in activities such as brisk walks, jogging, hiking, and playing fetch. Off-leash activities in securely fenced areas can also be beneficial, allowing them to run and explore under supervision.

Mental Stimulation

In addition to physical exercise, mental stimulation is equally important for the Belgian Sheepdog. They thrive on tasks that challenge their problem-solving abilities and engage their minds. Activities like obedience training, interactive puzzle toys, scent work, and agility training can provide the mental stimulation they crave.

Work and Tasks

Belgian Sheepdogs have a strong work ethic and a natural drive to perform tasks. Engaging them in activities that simulate their herding instincts, such as agility courses or obedience training, can help fulfill their need for purposeful work. Providing them with tasks or jobs to do, such as carrying a backpack or participating in dog sports, can also channel their energy in a productive way.

Considerations for Owners

Prospective Belgian Sheepdog owners should be prepared to devote time and effort to meet their exercise needs. They thrive in active households and with owners who can commit to providing ample exercise opportunities on a consistent basis. Those with busy schedules should consider hiring a dog walker or enlisting the help of family members or friends to ensure their exercise requirements are met.

Adjusting Exercise for Age and Health

It’s important to note that exercise requirements may vary depending on the age and health of the individual dog. Puppies should be provided with age-appropriate exercise and should not be overexerted to prevent injury. Older dogs may have reduced energy levels and may require exercise modifications to accommodate any health issues or mobility limitations.

Understanding the exercise requirements and energy level of the Belgian Sheepdog allows owners to plan and provide the necessary physical and mental stimulation for a happy and well-balanced dog. In the next section, we will explore the grooming requirements of the Belgian Sheepdog, including their coat care and maintenance needs.

Grooming Requirements

Proper grooming is essential to keep the Belgian Sheepdog’s coat healthy and looking its best. In this section, we will discuss the grooming requirements of the breed, including coat care, maintenance, and other grooming considerations.

Coat Type

The Belgian Sheepdog has a double coat, consisting of a dense and weather-resistant outer coat and a soft undercoat. Their coat provides insulation and protects them from varying weather conditions.

Coat Care

Regular brushing is necessary to prevent matting and maintain the coat’s health. A slicker brush or a medium-toothed comb can be used to remove loose hair and debris. Brushing should be done at least once or twice a week, with more frequent brushing during shedding seasons.

Shedding

Belgian Sheepdogs are moderate to heavy shedders, especially during seasonal coat changes. They “blow” their coat twice a year, during which they shed their undercoat. Daily brushing during these periods can help manage shedding and prevent excessive hair accumulation in the home.

Bathing

Bathing should be done on an as-needed basis, typically every 6 to 8 weeks or when the dog becomes dirty or smelly. Use a mild dog shampoo and thoroughly rinse to remove all soap residue. Avoid over-bathing, as it can strip the coat’s natural oils and cause dryness.

Ear Care

Regular ear cleaning is important to prevent ear infections and maintain good ear health. Check the ears weekly for any signs of redness, discharge, or odor. Clean the ears using a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaner and cotton balls, being careful not to insert anything into the ear canal.

Nail Trimming

Regular nail trims are necessary to prevent overgrowth and discomfort for the Belgian Sheepdog. Trim the nails every 4 to 6 weeks or as needed, using a dog nail trimmer or grinder. Take care not to cut the quick, which is the sensitive part of the nail that contains blood vessels.

Dental Care

Proper dental care is crucial for maintaining good oral health. Brushing the dog’s teeth regularly, ideally daily or at least several times a week, helps prevent tartar buildup and dental issues. Additionally, providing dental chews or toys can help keep their teeth clean and gums healthy.

Professional Grooming

While regular at-home grooming is important, some Belgian Sheepdog owners choose to enlist the services of a professional groomer. Professional grooming may include services such as coat trimming, shaping, and nail trims. It can also be beneficial for owners who may not have the time or expertise to properly groom their dog.

By following a regular grooming routine, owners can ensure that their Belgian Sheepdog’s coat remains healthy and their overall appearance is well-maintained. In the next section, we will discuss common health issues that may affect the Belgian Sheepdog and how to monitor and care for their well-being.

Health Issues

Like all dog breeds, the Belgian Sheepdog is susceptible to certain health issues. In this section, we will explore common health issues that may affect the breed, potential genetic predispositions, and how to monitor and care for their overall well-being.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common orthopedic condition that affects many large breed dogs, including the Belgian Sheepdog. It is a hereditary condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to joint instability and potential arthritis. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding excessive jumping or rough play can help mitigate the risk of hip dysplasia.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a degenerative eye disorder that affects the retina, leading to progressive vision loss and eventual blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect PRA early on, allowing for appropriate management and potentially slowing down the progression of the disease.

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurring seizures. While the exact cause of epilepsy in dogs is often unknown, it can be hereditary in some cases. Medication and proper management, under the guidance of a veterinarian, can help control seizures and improve the quality of life for dogs with epilepsy.

Bloat (Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus)

Bloat, also known as Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV), is a potentially life-threatening condition that affects deep-chested breeds like the Belgian Sheepdog. It occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists, causing a blockage and cutting off blood supply to vital organs. Rapid veterinary intervention is necessary to save a dog’s life in cases of bloat.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It can lead to various symptoms such as weight gain, lethargy, and skin issues. Regular veterinary check-ups and blood tests can help diagnose and manage this condition, typically through hormone replacement therapy.

Other Considerations

While the Belgian Sheepdog may be prone to certain health issues, it’s important to remember that not all individuals will develop these conditions. Responsible breeders conduct health screenings and genetic testing to minimize the risk of hereditary diseases. Regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, proper exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can also contribute to overall health and well-being.

Monitoring your Belgian Sheepdog’s health, providing regular veterinary check-ups, and addressing any concerns promptly can help ensure they lead a happy and healthy life. In the next section, we will explore comparable breeds to the Belgian Sheepdog, providing insights into other breeds that share similar characteristics and traits.

Comparable Breeds

While the Belgian Sheepdog is a unique breed, there are other breeds that share similar characteristics and traits. In this section, we will explore some comparable breeds to the Belgian Sheepdog, highlighting their similarities and differences.

Belgian Malinois

The Belgian Malinois is another variety of the Belgian Shepherd breed and is often compared to the Belgian Sheepdog. They share a similar appearance and working background, excelling in tasks such as herding, obedience, and protection work. Both breeds are intelligent, driven, and require an active lifestyle. However, the Belgian Malinois is known for its higher energy levels and intensity compared to the Belgian Sheepdog.

German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is a versatile and intelligent breed that shares some similarities with the Belgian Sheepdog. Both breeds are known for their loyalty, trainability, and protective instincts. They excel in various working roles, including herding, search and rescue, and police work. While the German Shepherd is slightly larger in size, both breeds require an active lifestyle and thrive with proper training and socialization.

Border Collie

The Border Collie is another breed that shares some traits with the Belgian Sheepdog. Both breeds are highly intelligent, energetic, and excel in herding tasks. They are known for their exceptional work ethic and trainability. However, the Border Collie is generally more focused on herding and may have higher energy levels compared to the Belgian Sheepdog.

Australian Shepherd

The Australian Shepherd is a breed that also shares some similarities with the Belgian Sheepdog. Both breeds are intelligent, energetic, and excel in various activities such as herding, obedience, and agility. They are highly trainable and require mental and physical stimulation. However, the Australian Shepherd may have a slightly more outgoing and friendly demeanor compared to the Belgian Sheepdog.

Dutch Shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd is another breed that is comparable to the Belgian Sheepdog. Both breeds are intelligent, versatile, and excel in various working roles. They are known for their loyalty, trainability, and protective instincts. While the Dutch Shepherd may have a more assertive and intense personality, both breeds require an active lifestyle and thrive with proper training and socialization.

It’s important to note that while these breeds share some similarities, each dog is an individual with its own unique personality and needs. When considering a comparable breed to the Belgian Sheepdog, it’s crucial to research and understand the specific characteristics and requirements of each breed to find the best fit for your lifestyle and preferences.

In conclusion, the Belgian Sheepdog is a remarkable breed with a rich history, distinct appearance, and a range of admirable qualities. From their herding origins to their loyal and protective temperament, Belgian Sheepdogs have captured the hearts of many dog enthusiasts. Understanding their size, appearance, life expectancy, temperament, trainability, exercise needs, grooming requirements, and potential health issues allows prospective owners to make informed decisions and provide the best care for these magnificent dogs.

Notable Dogs from This Breed

Throughout history, there have been several notable Belgian Sheepdogs that have made a significant impact in various fields. In this section, we will highlight some of the most notable dogs from this breed, showcasing their achievements and contributions.

Rin Tin Tin

One of the most famous Belgian Sheepdogs of all time is Rin Tin Tin. Born in 1918 in France, Rin Tin Tin was rescued by American soldier Lee Duncan during World War I. He was brought to the United States and became a canine film star, appearing in over 20 silent films. Rin Tin Tin’s intelligence, athleticism, and captivating on-screen presence made him a beloved and iconic figure in Hollywood.

Ch. Covy Tucker Hill’s Manhattan

Ch. Covy Tucker Hill’s Manhattan, known as “Buster,” is another notable Belgian Sheepdog. He made history by becoming the first Belgian Sheepdog to win Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1983. Buster’s win helped bring recognition and attention to the breed, showcasing their beauty, elegance, and exceptional showmanship.

Ch. Coda’s Boss Man

Ch. Coda’s Boss Man, affectionately known as “Boss,” was a Belgian Sheepdog who achieved great success in the world of obedience. He earned the distinction of being the first Belgian Sheepdog to achieve the highest obedience title, Utility Dog Excellent (UDX). Boss’s exceptional obedience skills and unwavering dedication to his handler made him a true ambassador for the breed.

G’Vitani du Crepuscule des Loups

G’Vitani du Crepuscule des Loups, commonly known as “Vito,” made history by becoming the first Belgian Sheepdog to win the prestigious World Agility Championships. Vito’s speed, agility, and precision in the agility ring showcased the breed’s versatility and athleticism. His accomplishments helped to demonstrate that Belgian Sheepdogs excel not only in herding and obedience but also in the exciting world of dog sports.

These notable Belgian Sheepdogs have left a lasting legacy and have contributed to the popularity and recognition of the breed. Their achievements serve as a testament to the breed’s intelligence, trainability, and remarkable abilities. Whether in the realms of film, showmanship, obedience, or agility, these dogs have exemplified the best qualities of the Belgian Sheepdog.

In conclusion, the Belgian Sheepdog is a remarkable breed with a rich history, distinctive characteristics, and notable contributions. From their origins as herding dogs to their loyalty, trainability, and exceptional working abilities, Belgian Sheepdogs continue to captivate the hearts of dog enthusiasts worldwide. By understanding their history, temperament, care requirements, and notable dogs, we can appreciate the true magnificence of the Belgian Sheepdog.

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