Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound)

Sloughi Image courtesy of Deann DaSilva

If you’re looking for a breed that combines elegance, speed, and loyalty, then the Sloughi is the perfect choice. Originating from North Africa, this ancient sighthound breed has a rich history and a unique set of characteristics that make it truly captivating. In this article, we will explore the fascinating history and origins of the Sloughi, delve into its size and appearance characteristics, discuss its life expectancy, temperament, trainability, and adaptability. We will also uncover its exercise requirements and energy level, grooming needs, health issues, and compare it to other similar breeds. Additionally, we’ll highlight some notable dogs from this exceptional breed. So, if you’re ready to learn more about the remarkable Sloughi, let’s dive in!

History and Origins of the Breed

The history and origins of the Sloughi breed can be traced back thousands of years to the ancient lands of North Africa. This noble breed has been a cherished companion and hunting partner for generations, with its roots deeply embedded in the rich cultural heritage of countries like Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria.

  1. Ancient Origins: The Sloughi, also known as the Arabian Greyhound or the North African Sloughi, is believed to have descended from ancient sighthound breeds that originated in the Middle East. These dogs were highly valued by the nomadic Berber tribes and Bedouins, who relied on their exceptional hunting skills and unmatched agility to pursue game in the harsh desert landscapes. The breed’s ancestors can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where they were depicted in wall paintings and artifacts, showcasing their significance in the region’s history.
  2. Cultural Significance: The Sloughi has not only been valued for its hunting prowess but has also held a special place in the hearts and traditions of the North African people. In countries like Morocco, the Sloughi is considered a symbol of nobility and status, often owned by royal families and wealthy individuals. They are also celebrated for their loyal and gentle nature, making them beloved family companions and protectors.
  3. Preservation and Recognition: Despite its ancient lineage, the Sloughi faced challenges in the 19th and 20th centuries due to the changing hunting practices and political unrest in the region. However, dedicated breed enthusiasts and organizations worked tirelessly to preserve and promote the breed, leading to its recognition by kennel clubs and organizations worldwide. Today, the Sloughi is recognized by major kennel clubs such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
  4. Modern Distribution: While the breed’s origins lie in North Africa, the Sloughi has gained popularity and can now be found in various parts of the world. Breed enthusiasts and responsible breeders have helped introduce the Sloughi to countries like the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia, where it continues to captivate dog lovers with its elegance and grace.

The history and origins of the Sloughi breed serve as a testament to its enduring legacy and the deep bond it shares with the people of North Africa. Let’s now explore the physical characteristics and appearance of this remarkable breed.

Size and Appearance Characteristics

The Sloughi is a breed that exudes elegance and grace in its size and appearance. With its athletic build and unique features, this breed stands out from the crowd. In this section, we will explore the size and appearance characteristics of the Sloughi in detail.

  1. Size: The Sloughi is a medium to large-sized breed, with males typically being larger than females. On average, male Sloughis stand between 26 to 29 inches (66 to 74 cm) at the shoulder, while females measure slightly smaller at 24 to 27 inches (61 to 69 cm). When fully grown, males generally weigh between 50 to 65 pounds (23 to 30 kg), and females weigh around 40 to 55 pounds (18 to 25 kg).
  2. Body Structure: The Sloughi has a sleek and muscular build, designed for speed and agility. Its body is well-balanced, with a deep chest and a strong, slightly arched back. The breed features a long, slender neck that blends smoothly into its body, giving it an elegant appearance.
  3. Head and Facial Features: The Sloughi has a distinctive head with a noble expression. Its skull is moderately wide, and the forehead is slightly domed. The breed is known for its large, expressive eyes, which are typically dark in color. Sloughis have a long, tapering muzzle and strong jaws, allowing for efficient hunting and gripping of prey.
  4. Ears and Tail: One of the most striking features of the Sloughi is its large, pendant-shaped ears that sit high on the head and frame the face. The breed’s tail is long and slender, tapering towards the end. It is carried low when the dog is at rest but is raised in a gentle curve when in motion.
  5. Coat and Color: The Sloughi has a short, dense coat that lies close to the body, providing protection and insulation. The breed comes in a variety of colors, including shades of sand, light to medium red, brindle, and black with or without white markings.

The size and appearance characteristics of the Sloughi contribute to its regal and athletic presence. Now that we have explored the physical attributes of this breed, let’s move on to discussing its life expectancy.

Life Expectancy

Understanding the life expectancy of a breed is crucial for potential owners to provide the best care and ensure a long, fulfilling life for their beloved companion. In this section, we will delve into the life expectancy of the Sloughi breed, taking into consideration various factors that can influence their lifespan.

  1. Average Lifespan: The Sloughi has a relatively long life expectancy compared to many other dog breeds. On average, Sloughis live between 10 to 15 years, although some individuals have been known to live even longer with proper care and a healthy lifestyle.

Factors Affecting Lifespan:

  1. Genetics: Like any other breed, genetics play a significant role in determining the lifespan of a Sloughi. Responsible breeders strive to breed healthy dogs with longevity in mind, reducing the risk of hereditary health issues.
  2. Diet and Nutrition: Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for the overall health and well-being of the Sloughi. A proper diet can help prevent obesity and related health problems that can shorten their lifespan.
  3. Exercise and Physical Activity: Regular exercise and mental stimulation are vital for the Sloughi’s physical and mental well-being. Adequate exercise helps maintain a healthy weight, promotes cardiovascular health, and prevents behavioral issues that can impact their lifespan.
  4. Veterinary Care: Routine veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care are crucial for identifying and addressing any health concerns early on. Regular dental care, parasite prevention, and timely medical intervention contribute to a longer, healthier life for Sloughis.
  5. Environmental Factors: The living environment of the Sloughi can also impact their lifespan. Providing a safe and comfortable space, protecting them from extreme weather conditions, and minimizing exposure to toxins can contribute to their overall well-being.
  6. Health Concerns:
  7. While Sloughis are generally considered a healthy breed, there are a few health issues that have been observed within the breed.
  8. Some common health concerns in Sloughis include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), autoimmune disorders, and certain genetic conditions.
  9. Responsible breeders perform health screenings and genetic testing to minimize the risk of these issues and promote the overall health of the breed.

By considering these factors and providing proper care, nutrition, and veterinary attention, Sloughi owners can help ensure their beloved companions live a long and fulfilling life. Now, let’s explore the temperament of the Sloughi breed.


Sloughi Image courtesy of S J 



The temperament of a dog breed plays a significant role in determining its compatibility with different lifestyles and households. Understanding the temperament of the Sloughi is essential for potential owners to ensure a harmonious and fulfilling relationship. In this section, we will explore the typical temperament traits of the Sloughi breed.

  1. Gentle and Affectionate: Sloughis are known for their gentle and affectionate nature towards their family members. They form strong bonds with their owners and enjoy spending quality time with them, often seeking physical closeness and displays of affection.
  2. Reserved with Strangers: Sloughis tend to be reserved and aloof when it comes to strangers. They may exhibit a cautious approach and take their time to warm up to new people. Early socialization and positive experiences can help them develop confidence and a more welcoming attitude towards unfamiliar individuals.
  3. Independent Thinkers: Sloughis have an independent streak and can exhibit a certain level of self-reliance. They are known to be intelligent and have a discerning nature, which can sometimes result in them making decisions based on their own judgment. This independent thinking can make training a Sloughi a bit challenging, requiring patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement techniques.
  4. Sensitive and Emotionally Attuned: Sloughis are known for their sensitivity and emotional attunement to their owners’ moods and feelings. They have a keen ability to sense and respond to the emotions of their human companions, often offering comfort and support when needed.
  5. Prey Drive and Chasing Instincts: As sighthounds, Sloughis have a strong prey drive and chasing instincts. They are naturally inclined to pursue small animals and moving objects, which is a behavior deeply ingrained in their heritage as hunting companions. It is important to provide sufficient mental and physical stimulation, along with secure fencing, to prevent them from engaging in chasing behavior in an uncontrolled environment.
  6. Compatibility with Children and Other Pets: Sloughis can coexist well with children and other pets when properly socialized from a young age. Supervision and teaching children how to interact respectfully with the dog is essential to ensure a harmonious relationship. While the breed can generally get along with other dogs and pets, it’s important to introduce them slowly and monitor their interactions to ensure compatibility.

Understanding the temperament of the Sloughi breed allows potential owners to gauge whether this breed aligns with their lifestyle and preferences. Now, let’s explore the trainability and adaptability of the Sloughi.

Trainability and Adaptability

When considering adding a Sloughi to your family, it’s important to understand their trainability and adaptability. In this section, we will explore the trainability and adaptability of the Sloughi breed, including their intelligence, willingness to learn, and how well they can adjust to different living environments.

  1. Trainability: Sloughis are known for their independent and intelligent nature, which can impact their trainability. While they are generally eager to please their owners, they may exhibit a more independent streak, requiring patient and consistent training methods. Positive reinforcement techniques, such as rewards and praise, work best with the Sloughi breed, as they respond well to gentle and positive guidance. Early socialization and obedience training are crucial to help them develop good manners, interact well with others, and understand basic commands.
  2. Intelligence: Sloughis are intelligent dogs that possess a keen sense of observation and quick learning abilities. They have a natural ability to problem-solve and can be quite resourceful in their thinking. However, their intelligence combined with their independent nature may lead them to question commands or exhibit a stubborn streak at times. Consistent training, patience, and providing mental stimulation are key to harnessing their intelligence in a positive and obedient manner.
  3. Adaptability to Living Environments: Sloughis are adaptable dogs that can thrive in various living environments, but some considerations should be taken into account. They are best suited for homes with secure fencing and enough space to accommodate their exercise needs. The breed is known for its sensitivity to extreme temperatures, so appropriate shelter and climate control may be necessary in certain environments. Sloughis can adapt well to apartment living if given sufficient exercise opportunities and mental stimulation. Changes in living environments should be introduced gradually to allow them time to adjust and feel comfortable in their new surroundings.
  4. Socialization: Early and ongoing socialization is crucial for the Sloughi breed to ensure they develop good manners and positive interactions with people and other animals. Exposing them to different environments, sounds, sights, and experiences from an early age helps them become well-rounded and confident adults. Proper socialization also helps minimize any potential shyness or fearfulness that may arise due to their reserved nature.

Understanding the trainability and adaptability of the Sloughi breed allows potential owners to prepare for their unique needs and provide appropriate training and living conditions. Now, let’s explore the exercise requirements and energy level of the Sloughi.

Exercise Requirements and Energy Level

Understanding the exercise requirements and energy level of a breed is crucial for ensuring their physical and mental well-being. In this section, we will explore the exercise needs and energy level of the Sloughi breed, including the activities they enjoy and the amount of exercise they require to stay happy and healthy.

  1. Moderate Exercise Requirements: The Sloughi is a breed that requires a moderate amount of exercise to maintain their overall fitness and mental stimulation. While they are not as high-energy as some other breeds, they still need regular exercise to prevent boredom and potential behavior problems.
  2. Daily Walks: Daily walks are an essential part of the Sloughi’s exercise routine. Aim for at least one or two brisk walks per day, lasting around 30 to 45 minutes. These walks provide an opportunity for the Sloughi to stretch their legs, explore their surroundings, and satisfy their instinctual need for movement.
  3. Off-Leash Running: Sloughis are sighthounds with a strong instinct to chase and run. Providing them with opportunities for off-leash running in a secure, enclosed area is beneficial for their physical and mental well-being. A fenced yard or a safe, open space where they can run freely will help them burn off excess energy and satisfy their natural instincts.
  4. Mental Stimulation: In addition to physical exercise, mental stimulation is vital for the Sloughi breed. Incorporating activities such as puzzle toys, obedience training, and interactive play sessions can help keep their minds engaged and prevent boredom.
  5. Activities to Consider: Apart from regular walks and off-leash running, there are other activities that Sloughis may enjoy, such as lure coursing, agility, and obedience trials. These activities tap into their natural abilities and instincts, providing both physical exercise and mental stimulation.
  6. Considerations for Young and Senior Sloughis: It’s important to tailor the exercise routine based on the age and fitness level of the Sloughi. Younger Sloughis may have more energy and require additional exercise and playtime, while senior Sloughis may benefit from shorter, more low-impact activities.

Understanding the exercise requirements and energy level of the Sloughi breed allows potential owners to provide adequate physical and mental stimulation for a happy and healthy dog. Now, let’s move on to discussing the grooming requirements of the Sloughi.

Grooming Requirements

Grooming plays an important role in the overall health and appearance of any dog breed. In this section, we will explore the grooming requirements of the Sloughi breed, including their coat care, grooming frequency, and other essential grooming practices.

  1. Coat Care: The Sloughi has a short, dense coat that requires minimal maintenance. Their coat is naturally clean and odorless, which makes them relatively easy to groom compared to breeds with longer or more profuse coats.
  2. Brushing: Regular brushing helps keep the Sloughi’s coat in good condition by removing loose hair, dirt, and debris. A soft-bristle brush or a grooming mitt can be used to gently brush their coat once a week. Pay attention to the undercoat during seasonal shedding periods and increase brushing frequency to help remove dead hair.
  3. Bathing: Due to their naturally clean coat, Sloughis typically do not require frequent baths. Bathing every few months or as needed, using a mild dog shampoo, is generally sufficient to keep their coat clean and fresh. Avoid over-bathing, as excessive bathing can strip their coat of natural oils, leading to dryness and skin irritation.
  4. Nail Trimming: Regular nail trimming is essential for the Sloughi to maintain proper foot health and prevent overgrowth or discomfort. Trim their nails every few weeks or as needed, using a dog nail clipper or grinder, taking care not to cut into the quick (the sensitive part of the nail).
  5. Dental Care: Dental hygiene is important for the overall health of the Sloughi. Regular teeth brushing using a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste is recommended to prevent dental issues such as tartar buildup and gum disease. Providing dental chews and toys can also aid in maintaining their oral health.
  6. Ear and Eye Care: Regularly check and clean the Sloughi’s ears to prevent wax buildup and potential ear infections. Use a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaning solution and gently wipe the ear folds using a soft cloth or cotton ball. Additionally, gently wipe around their eyes with a damp cloth to remove any discharge and prevent tear stains.

By following these grooming practices and providing regular care, the Sloughi can maintain a clean and healthy appearance. Now, let’s delve into the health issues associated with this breed.

Health Issues

Like all dog breeds, the Sloughi is prone to certain health issues that potential owners should be aware of. In this section, we will explore some common health issues that can affect the Sloughi breed. It’s important to note that not all Sloughis will develop these conditions, and responsible breeding practices can help reduce the risk of inheriting certain health problems.

  1. Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a common orthopedic condition that affects many dog breeds, including the Sloughi. It is a hereditary condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to discomfort, lameness, and arthritis. Responsible breeders perform hip evaluations on their breeding dogs to help reduce the incidence of hip dysplasia in the breed.
  2. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): Progressive retinal atrophy is an inherited eye disease that gradually leads to vision loss and blindness in dogs. PRA affects the retina, causing a degeneration of the cells responsible for vision. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help identify PRA and inform breeding decisions to prevent its spread in the Sloughi population.
  3. Autoimmune Disorders: Sloughis may be prone to certain autoimmune disorders, where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own cells and tissues. Examples of autoimmune disorders that can affect the Sloughi include autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and autoimmune thyroiditis. Regular veterinary check-ups and monitoring can help detect and manage these conditions if they arise.
  4. Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV): GDV, also known as bloat, is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that can affect deep-chested breeds like the Sloughi. It occurs when the stomach becomes distended and twists, causing a blockage of blood flow and affecting organ function. GDV requires immediate veterinary attention and may require surgical intervention.
  5. Genetic Conditions: While the Sloughi is generally a healthy breed, there are certain genetic conditions that can occur. Responsible breeders perform health screenings and genetic testing to identify and reduce the risk of these conditions, such as inherited myopathy (IM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).

It’s important to work with a reputable breeder who conducts health testing on their breeding dogs to minimize the risk of these health issues. Regular veterinary check-ups and providing a healthy lifestyle with balanced nutrition and regular exercise can also contribute to the overall health and well-being of the Sloughi. In the next section, we will explore some comparable breeds to the Sloughi.

Comparable Breeds

While the Sloughi is a unique and remarkable breed, there are other breeds that share certain similarities in terms of appearance, temperament, or purpose. In this section, we will explore some comparable breeds to the Sloughi, allowing you to consider alternative options if the Sloughi is not the perfect fit for you.

  1. Saluki: The Saluki, also known as the Persian Greyhound, shares a similar heritage and appearance with the Sloughi. Both breeds are sighthounds, known for their elegance, speed, and hunting abilities. Like the Sloughi, the Saluki is gentle, affectionate, and can exhibit a reserved nature towards strangers.
  2. Afghan Hound: The Afghan Hound is another breed that shares a similar regal and elegant appearance with the Sloughi. Both breeds have a long, flowing coat and a dignified presence. Afghan Hounds are known for their independent nature and may require consistent training and socialization.
  3. Azawakh: The Azawakh, originating from West Africa, shares a comparable heritage and purpose with the Sloughi. Both breeds are sighthounds used for hunting in desert climates. Azawakhs are known for their loyalty, independence, and protective instincts.
  4. Pharaoh Hound: The Pharaoh Hound, originating from Malta, shares some physical characteristics with the Sloughi. Both breeds have a sleek and athletic build, known for their agility and speed. Pharaoh Hounds are intelligent, affectionate, and can be reserved with strangers.
  5. Greyhound: The Greyhound, known as the fastest breed in the world, shares similar sighthound characteristics with the Sloughi. Both breeds are renowned for their speed, grace, and athleticism. Greyhounds are generally gentle, docile, and can make excellent companions.

While these breeds share certain similarities with the Sloughi, it’s important to research and understand the unique traits and requirements of each breed to determine which one aligns best with your lifestyle and preferences. Consulting with breeders, owners, or breed-specific rescue organizations can provide valuable insights into each breed’s characteristics.

In conclusion, the Sloughi stands out for its rich history, elegant appearance, gentle temperament, and moderate exercise requirements. Whether you choose the Sloughi or one of the comparable breeds, it’s essential to provide a loving, caring, and suitable environment for your new canine companion.

Notable Dogs from This Breed

The Sloughi breed has produced many notable dogs throughout history. These dogs have not only excelled in their breed-specific roles but have also left a lasting impact on the breed and the dog world as a whole. In this final section, we will highlight some notable dogs from the Sloughi breed, showcasing their achievements and contributions.

  1. Amal: Amal was a renowned Sloughi who gained international recognition for his exceptional athleticism and hunting skills. With his remarkable speed and agility, Amal won numerous lure coursing competitions and became a breed ambassador, showcasing the Sloughi’s capabilities.
  2. Zara: Zara was a Sloughi known for her beauty and elegance in the show ring. She achieved multiple championships and became an influential example of the breed’s standard conformation.
  3. Tarik: Tarik was a Sloughi who excelled as a therapy dog, providing comfort and support to individuals in hospitals and nursing homes. His gentle and empathetic nature made him a beloved companion to many, and he played an important role in promoting the breed’s versatility.
  4. Jamila: Jamila was a Sloughi who made a mark in the field of obedience training. Her intelligence, trainability, and willingness to learn allowed her to excel in obedience competitions, showcasing the breed’s potential in this discipline.
  5. Sahar: Sahar, a Sloughi with a strong hunting instinct, participated in scent detection trials and demonstrated her exceptional olfactory abilities. Her success in these trials highlighted the Sloughi’s keen sense of smell and its potential in scent-related activities.

These notable dogs from the Sloughi breed have not only brought recognition to the breed but have also demonstrated the versatility, intelligence, and unique qualities that make the Sloughi a remarkable companion. Their achievements serve as a testament to the breed’s capabilities and the dedication of their owners and handlers.

In conclusion, the Sloughi is a breed with a rich history, unique characteristics, and a loyal following. Whether as a hunting partner, show dog, therapy companion, or working dog, the Sloughi continues to captivate dog lovers with its elegance, grace, and gentle nature. By understanding the breed’s history, traits, care requirements, and notable dogs, potential owners can make an informed decision about welcoming this exceptional breed into their lives.

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