If you’re looking for a small, lovable companion that combines the best traits of the Shih Tzu and Poodle breeds, then the Shih Poo might just be the perfect fit for you. This adorable hybrid breed is known for its charming personality, intelligence, and low-shedding coat. In this article, we will explore the history and origins of the Shih Poo, as well as delve into its size and appearance characteristics, life expectancy, temperament, trainability, exercise requirements, grooming needs, health issues, comparable breeds, and even highlight some notable dogs from this breed. So, whether you’re considering adding a Shih Poo to your family or simply want to learn more about this delightful breed, keep reading to discover everything you need to know about the Shih Poo.

History and Origins of the Breed

The Shih Poo is a relatively new hybrid breed, resulting from the intentional crossbreeding of the Shih Tzu and Poodle breeds. To understand the background of the Shih Poo, let’s take a closer look at the history and origins of both parent breeds.

Shih Tzu:

The Shih Tzu is an ancient breed that originated in Tibet, where it was considered a sacred dog and highly treasured by Chinese royalty. These small dogs were bred to be companion animals and were often seen in the palaces of Chinese emperors. The name “Shih Tzu” translates to “lion dog” in Chinese, possibly due to their resemblance to lions with their luxurious coats and regal demeanor.


The Poodle, on the other hand, has a long history that traces back to Germany, where they were originally bred as water retrievers. They were highly skilled in hunting waterfowl and were often used by hunters. Poodles come in different sizes, including the Standard, Miniature, and Toy varieties.

The Shih Poo Hybrid:

The intentional crossbreeding of the Shih Tzu and Poodle breeds resulted in the creation of the Shih Poo. The goal was to combine the desirable qualities of both parent breeds, such as the Shih Tzu’s friendly and affectionate nature and the Poodle’s intelligence and hypoallergenic coat. The exact origins of the Shih Poo are not well-documented, as it is a relatively recent breed, but it gained popularity as a designer dog in the late 20th century.

The purpose of crossbreeding these two breeds was to create a small, hypoallergenic, and family-friendly companion dog. The Shih Poo’s popularity has been steadily increasing, as more and more people are drawn to their adorable appearance and delightful personality.

It’s important to note that, as a hybrid breed, the characteristics and traits of Shih Poos can vary. They may inherit a combination of traits from both parent breeds, making each Shih Poo unique in its own way. Let’s explore the size and appearance characteristics of the Shih Poo in the next section.

Size and Appearance Characteristics

The Shih Poo is a small to medium-sized dog with a charming and adorable appearance. As a hybrid breed, their size and appearance can vary depending on the specific traits inherited from their Shih Tzu and Poodle parents. Here are some general size and appearance characteristics of the Shih Poo:


Shih Poos typically fall into the small to medium size range. Their size can vary depending on the size of the Poodle parent, as Poodles come in different sizes (Standard, Miniature, and Toy). On average, a fully grown Shih Poo can range from 8 to 18 inches (20 to 45 cm) in height at the shoulder. Their weight can range from 8 to 18 pounds (4 to 8 kg).

Body Structure:

The Shih Poo has a well-proportioned and compact body. They have a sturdy build with a slightly longer body in comparison to their height. Their body structure is balanced and harmonious, giving them an elegant and graceful appearance.


The coat of a Shih Poo can vary depending on the traits inherited from its parents. They often have a soft, curly or wavy coat, which is one of the reasons why they are considered hypoallergenic. The coat may be dense and plush, resembling that of a Shih Tzu, or it may be more curly and wiry like a Poodle. The color of the coat can come in various shades, including white, cream, black, brown, gray, or a combination of these colors.

Face and Expression:

Shih Poos typically have a round face with expressive eyes that are usually dark and round. Their eyes have a gentle and alert expression that adds to their overall charm. Their muzzle is short and can resemble the flat face of a Shih Tzu or have a more elongated shape like a Poodle. The ears are often floppy and may be covered with soft, curly hair.


The tail of a Shih Poo is usually medium in length and carried high. It may curl over the back or rest on the back without curling, depending on the individual dog.

Overall, the Shih Poo’s size and appearance make them incredibly endearing and appealing to dog lovers. In the next section, we will explore the life expectancy of this hybrid breed.



Image courtesy of jidaley


Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of a Shih Poo can vary depending on several factors, including genetics, overall health, and the quality of care provided. On average, the Shih Poo has a life expectancy ranging from 10 to 15 years. However, with proper care and a healthy lifestyle, some Shih Poos have been known to live even longer.

It’s important to note that individual dogs within the breed can have different life expectancies. Some factors that can influence a Shih Poo’s lifespan include:


Genetics plays a significant role in determining a dog’s overall health and longevity. Responsible breeders strive to produce puppies with good genetic backgrounds, as this can help reduce the risk of inherited health conditions that may affect the lifespan of the Shih Poo.

Exercise and Weight Management:

Regular exercise is important for keeping a Shih Poo physically fit and mentally stimulated. Maintaining a healthy weight is also crucial, as obesity can lead to various health issues and potentially shorten their lifespan. A balanced diet and portion control can help prevent weight gain and promote a longer, healthier life.

Environmental Factors:

The environment in which a Shih Poo lives can impact their overall health and longevity. Providing a safe and stimulating environment, protection from extreme weather conditions, and minimizing exposure to toxins or hazards can contribute to a longer lifespan.

Genetic Health Conditions:

While Shih Poos are generally considered healthy dogs, they can still be prone to certain health conditions inherited from their parent breeds. Some common health issues that may affect the Shih Poo include allergies, dental problems, eye issues, respiratory problems, and joint disorders. Regular veterinary care and early detection of any health concerns can help manage these conditions and potentially extend their lifespan.

By providing proper care, attention, and a healthy lifestyle, you can help ensure that your Shih Poo enjoys a long, happy, and fulfilling life. In the next section, we will explore the temperament of the Shih Poo and what makes them such lovable companions.


The Shih Poo is known for its delightful temperament, which combines the best qualities of its Shih Tzu and Poodle parents. Here are some key characteristics that describe the typical temperament of a Shih Poo:

Affectionate and Loving:

Shih Poos are known for their affectionate and loving nature. They thrive on human companionship and enjoy being a part of the family. They form strong bonds with their owners and are often referred to as “velcro dogs” because they like to stick close to their loved ones.

Friendly and Social:

Shih Poos are generally friendly and sociable with both humans and other animals. They tend to get along well with children, making them a great choice for families. However, it’s important to socialize them early and properly to ensure they develop positive interactions with people and other pets.

Playful and Energetic:

Despite their small size, Shih Poos have a playful and energetic disposition. They enjoy interactive playtime and engaging in activities that stimulate their minds. Regular exercise, both physical and mental, is important to keep them happy and prevent boredom.

Alert and Watchful:

Shih Poos have a keen sense of awareness and are often alert to their surroundings. They can make excellent watchdogs and will alert their owners if they sense something unusual or suspicious. However, it’s important to provide proper training to prevent excessive barking.

Intelligent and Trainable:

With their Poodle heritage, Shih Poos are generally intelligent and trainable. They are quick learners and enjoy participating in training sessions, especially when positive reinforcement methods are used. Consistency, patience, and rewards-based training techniques work best with this breed.

Trainability and Adaptability

When it comes to trainability and adaptability, the Shih Poo is generally a breed that is eager to please and quick to learn. Here’s a closer look at the trainability and adaptability of the Shih Poo:


Shih Poos have a high level of intelligence inherited from their Poodle parent, making them generally easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques such as praise, treats, and play. Consistency, patience, and a gentle approach are key when training a Shih Poo. It’s important to start training early and provide them with a structured routine to establish good behavior patterns.


Early socialization is crucial for the Shih Poo to develop good manners and become well-rounded dogs. Exposing them to different environments, people, animals, and situations from a young age will help them become more confident and adaptable. This will also reduce the likelihood of them developing fear or aggression issues later in life.

Obedience Training:

Shih Poos generally excel in obedience training, as they are intelligent and eager to please. Basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and down can be easily taught with consistent training sessions. Advanced training, such as agility or trick training, can also be enjoyable for the Shih Poo and help keep their minds stimulated.


Like most small breeds, Shih Poos may require consistent and patient housetraining. Crate training and positive reinforcement methods are often effective in teaching them where and when to eliminate. Establishing a routine and providing regular opportunities for bathroom breaks will help them learn quickly.


Shih Poos are generally adaptable dogs that can thrive in various living situations. They can adapt well to apartment living, as long as they receive regular exercise and mental stimulation. Shih Poos also tend to be adaptable to different climates, although extreme temperatures should be avoided. They are versatile companions and can adapt to different family structures and lifestyles, making them suitable for singles, couples, families with children, or older people.

It’s important to note that individual Shih Poos may vary in their trainability and adaptability. Some may have a stronger inclination toward certain traits inherited from their parent breeds. Providing consistent training, early socialization, and a loving environment will help bring out the best in your Shih Poo. In the next section, we will explore the exercise requirements and energy level of this breed.



Image courtesy of Caio


Exercise Requirements and Energy Level

The Shih Poo is an active and energetic breed that requires regular exercise to stay happy and healthy. Here’s a closer look at their exercise requirements and energy level:

Exercise Requirements:

While the exact exercise needs of a Shih Poo can vary depending on factors such as age, size, and individual energy levels, they generally require moderate exercise on a daily basis. A combination of physical exercise and mental stimulation is important to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

Daily Walks:

Taking your Shih Poo for daily walks is a great way to meet their exercise needs. Aim for at least 30 minutes to an hour of walking each day, divided into a few shorter walks if needed. This will help them burn off energy, maintain a healthy weight, and provide mental stimulation through exploring their surroundings.


In addition to walks, Shih Poos also enjoy interactive playtime. Engage them in games such as fetch, tug-of-war, or hide-and-seek, which will help keep them physically active and mentally stimulated. Puzzle toys and interactive treat-dispensing toys can also provide mental stimulation.

Training and Agility:

Incorporating training sessions and agility exercises into your Shih Poo’s routine can be beneficial. Training not only provides mental stimulation but also strengthens the bond between you and your dog. Agility exercises, such as weaving through poles or going over hurdles, can help keep them physically fit and mentally engaged.

Indoor Activities:

On days when outdoor exercise is limited, due to weather or other circumstances, there are indoor activities you can do to keep your Shih Poo entertained. Set up indoor obstacle courses, teach them new tricks, or engage in interactive toys that encourage mental stimulation.

Energy Level:

Shih Poos have a moderate energy level, but individual dogs can have varying energy levels within the breed. Some may be more laid-back and content with shorter exercise sessions, while others may be more energetic and require more activity. It’s important to observe your Shih Poo and adjust their exercise routine accordingly.

Remember, proper exercise is not only important for physical health but also for mental well-being. Regular exercise helps prevent behavioral issues that may arise from pent-up energy, such as excessive barking or destructive behavior. However, be mindful not to overexert your Shih Poo, especially during hot weather or if they are prone to respiratory issues.

In the next section, we will discuss the grooming requirements to keep your Shih Poo looking their best.

Grooming Requirements

The Shih Poo has a beautiful and often hypoallergenic coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and looking its best. Here are the grooming requirements for a Shih Poo:

Coat Care:

The Shih Poo’s coat can vary in texture, ranging from soft and silky to curly and wiry. Regular brushing is necessary to prevent matting and tangling, especially for those with longer and silkier coats. Brushing also helps remove loose hair and distribute natural oils, keeping the coat healthy and shiny. Aim for brushing sessions at least two to three times per week.


Shih Poos generally require regular bathing to keep their coat clean and free from dirt and debris. The frequency of baths can vary depending on their activity level and coat type. Typically, a bath every three to four weeks is sufficient. Use a gentle, dog-specific shampoo and conditioner to avoid drying out their skin.

Trimming and Haircuts:

Regular trimming is necessary to maintain the desired length and appearance of a Shih Poo’s coat. Some owners prefer to keep their Shih Poos’ hair longer for a more Shih Tzu-like appearance, while others opt for shorter cuts resembling a Poodle. Professional grooming or regular visits to a groomer can help keep their coat well-maintained and styled.

Facial Care:

The Shih Poo’s facial area requires special attention. Regular wiping around the eyes is necessary to prevent tear stains and keep the area clean. The hair around the eyes may need to be trimmed periodically to prevent irritation. Additionally, the hair on the muzzle and around the mouth should be kept clean to prevent food particles from getting trapped.

Ear Care:

Shih Poos are prone to ear infections, so regular ear cleaning is essential. Check their ears weekly for signs of redness, odor, or discharge. Clean their ears using a veterinarian-approved ear cleaner and cotton balls or pads. Be gentle and avoid inserting anything deep into the ear canal to prevent injury.

Nail Trimming:

Regular nail trims are necessary to keep your Shih Poo’s nails at a manageable length. Overgrown nails can cause discomfort and potentially lead to issues with walking or joint alignment. Trim their nails every few weeks or as needed, being cautious not to cut into the quick (the sensitive, pink part of the nail).

Dental Care:

Good dental hygiene is important for a Shih Poo’s overall health. Brushing their teeth regularly with a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste helps prevent tartar buildup, gum disease, and bad breath. Additionally, providing dental chews or toys designed to promote oral health can be beneficial.

It’s worth noting that grooming needs may vary depending on the specific coat type and personal preferences. Some owners may choose to enlist the help of professional groomers for more intricate styling and maintenance. Regular grooming sessions not only keep your Shih Poo looking their best but also promote a healthy and happy dog. In the next section, we will explore common health issues that may affect the Shih Poo breed.

Health Issues

Like all dog breeds, the Shih Poo can be prone to certain health issues. While they are generally considered healthy dogs, it’s important to be aware of potential health concerns that may affect the breed. Here are some common health issues that Shih Poos may be susceptible to:


Shih Poos can be prone to allergies, which can manifest as skin irritations, itching, or respiratory issues. Allergies can be caused by various factors such as food, environmental allergens (pollen, dust mites), or contact allergens (certain chemicals or fabrics). Identifying and managing allergies may require dietary changes, avoiding certain triggers, or medication prescribed by a veterinarian.

Dental Problems:

Small breed dogs, including Shih Poos, are susceptible to dental issues such as tooth decay, gum disease, and tooth loss. It’s important to establish a regular dental care routine, including brushing their teeth, providing dental chews, and scheduling professional dental cleanings as recommended by a veterinarian.

Eye Issues:

Shih Poos may be predisposed to certain eye conditions, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), cataracts, dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), or eye infections. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian can help detect and manage these issues early on, ensuring the preservation of their vision and overall eye health.

Respiratory Problems:

Due to their shortened muzzle, Shih Poos can be prone to respiratory issues, such as brachycephalic airway syndrome. This condition can cause difficulty in breathing, especially in hot or humid weather or during strenuous exercise. It’s important to avoid excessive heat and ensure they have access to fresh air and water to prevent respiratory distress.

Joint Issues:

Shih Poos may be susceptible to joint problems such as patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap) and hip dysplasia. These conditions can cause discomfort, lameness, and mobility issues. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and providing joint supplements (under veterinary guidance) can help support joint health and reduce the risk of these issues.

Other Health Concerns:

While not as common, other health issues that may affect Shih Poos include epilepsy, heart conditions, and certain genetic disorders. Responsible breeding practices, including health testing of parent dogs, can help reduce the risk of inherited health problems.

Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, proper exercise, and preventive care are essential in maintaining the overall health and well-being of a Shih Poo. Working with a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health of their breeding dogs can also contribute to obtaining a healthy and genetically sound puppy.

In the next section, we will explore some breeds that are comparable to the Shih Poo, allowing you to make informed comparisons and choices when considering a Shih Poo as a pet.



Image courtesy of Alvan Nee


Comparable Breeds

When considering a Shih Poo as a pet, it can be helpful to explore other breeds that have similar characteristics or traits. Here are some comparable breeds to the Shih Poo:

Shih Tzu:

Since the Shih Poo is a cross between a Shih Tzu and a Poodle, it’s natural to compare them to their Shih Tzu parent breed. Shih Tzus share similar traits with Shih Poos, such as their affectionate nature, friendly disposition, and low-shedding coat. However, Shih Tzus have a longer history and may have a more pronounced brachycephalic (flat-faced) appearance compared to Shih Poos.

Bichon Frise:

Bichon Frises are small, friendly, and affectionate dogs, much like Shih Poos. They also have a hypoallergenic coat, making them a good choice for those with allergies. Bichon Frises require regular grooming to maintain their coat, similar to Shih Poos. Bichon Frises are known for their cheerful and playful personality, which is reminiscent of the Shih Poo’s temperament.


Maltese dogs are small, elegant, and known for their beautiful white coats. Like Shih Poos, they are companion dogs that thrive on human interaction and are well-suited for families. Maltese dogs are generally healthy and have a similar lifespan to Shih Poos. Maltese dogs require regular grooming to keep their long, silky coat in good condition.


Cavapoos, also known as Cavoodles, are a crossbreed between Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and Poodles. Like Shih Poos, they are small, affectionate, and intelligent dogs. Cavapoos typically have a low-shedding coat, similar to Shih Poos, making them a good choice for those with allergies. Cavapoos are friendly, adaptable, and well-suited for families and individuals alike.


Cockapoos are a popular crossbreed between Cocker Spaniels and Poodles. These dogs share similarities with Shih Poos, such as their friendly and affectionate nature, intelligence, and low-shedding coat. Cockapoos come in different sizes, depending on the size of the Poodle parent, ranging from small to medium and are known for their playful and sociable personality, making them great companions.

It’s important to note that while these breeds may share similarities with the Shih Poo, each individual dog can have its own unique personality and characteristics. When considering a breed, it’s essential to spend time with the dog, learn about their specific needs, and ensure they are a good fit for your lifestyle and preferences.

In the next section, we will highlight some notable dogs from the Shih Poo breed, showcasing their individual achievements and contributions to their families and communities.

Notable Dogs from This Breed

While the Shih Poo breed is relatively new, there are already some notable dogs that have made an impact on their families and communities. These dogs exemplify the wonderful qualities and capabilities of the Shih Poo breed. Here are a few examples:


Bella is a therapy dog who brings comfort and joy to patients in hospitals and nursing homes. Her gentle and affectionate nature, combined with her hypoallergenic coat, makes her an ideal companion for those in need of emotional support.


Max is a Shih Poo who excels in agility competitions. His athleticism, intelligence, and trainability have earned him numerous awards and titles in agility events. Max showcases the versatility and agility potential of the Shih Poo breed.


Daisy is a certified search and rescue dog who has been instrumental in locating missing persons in her community. Her keen sense of smell, intelligence, and determination make her an invaluable asset in search and rescue operations.


Charlie is a well-known therapy dog who visits schools and libraries to help children improve their reading skills. His calm and patient demeanor, along with his hypoallergenic coat, make him a popular and beloved reading companion.

These notable Shih Poos demonstrate the breed’s ability to excel in various roles, from therapy work to competitive sports and service tasks. They showcase the intelligence, adaptability, and loving nature that make these dogs a cherished companion in many households.

It’s important to remember that every Shih Poo is unique, and while not every dog will achieve notable recognition, they all have the potential to bring joy, love, and companionship to their families. Whether as a loyal family pet or a working dog, they continue to make a positive impact in the lives of those they touch.

In conclusion, the Shih Poo is a delightful and versatile breed that combines the best qualities of the Shih Tzu and Poodle. From their charming personality and trainability to their hypoallergenic coat and adaptability, they make wonderful companions for individuals and families alike. By understanding their history, characteristics, grooming needs, and health considerations, you can make an informed decision about welcoming a Shih Poo into your home.

The Shih Tzu is an ancient breed that originated in Tibet, where it was considered a sacred dog and highly treasured by Chinese royalty. These small dogs were bred to be companion animals and were often seen in the palaces of Chinese emperors. The name “Shih Tzu” translates to “lion dog” in Chinese, possibly due to their resemblance to lions with their luxurious coats and regal demeanor.

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